Recent influenza A (H1N1) infections of pigs and turkeys in northern Europe.

  title={Recent influenza A (H1N1) infections of pigs and turkeys in northern Europe.},
  author={Stephan Ludwig and Armin Haustein and Erhard Franz Kaleta and Christoph Scholtissek},
  volume={202 1},
The most recent introduction of an avian influenza A virus without reassortment into mammals occurred in 1979 when H1N1 strains could be isolated from diseased pigs in northern Europe. This newly introduced avian virus formed a stable lineage in pigs and, in the meantime, spread all over Europe. In 1991 highly pathogenic H1N1 strains closely related to a contemporary swine virus were isolated from turkeys of a breeding farm near Bremen, Germany. Outbreaks in several farms in Germany, France… CONTINUE READING
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