Recent climate extremes alter alpine lake ecosystems.

  title={Recent climate extremes alter alpine lake ecosystems.},
  author={Brian R. Parker and Rolf D. Vinebrooke and David W. Schindler},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  volume={105 35},
Here, we show that alpine lake ecosystems are responsive to interannual variation in climate, based on long-term limnological and meteorological data from the Canadian Rockies. In the 2000s, in years with colder winter temperatures, higher winter snowfall, later snowmelt, shorter ice-free seasons, and dryer summers, relative to the 1990s, alpine lakes became clearer, warmer, and mixed to deeper depths. Further, lakes became more dilute and nutrient-poor, the latter leading to significant… CONTINUE READING

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