Recent air-temperature changes in the Arctic

  title={Recent air-temperature changes in the Arctic},
  author={Rajmund Przybylak},
  journal={Annals of Glaciology},
  pages={316 - 324}
  • R. Przybylak
  • Published 1 October 2007
  • Environmental Science
  • Annals of Glaciology
Abstract A detailed analysis of the spatial and temporal changes in mean seasonal and annual surface air temperature (SAT) in the Arctic is presented mainly for the period 1951–2005. Mean seasonal and annual homogenized and complete series of SAT from up to 35 Arctic stations were used in the analysis. The focus in this paper is on the 11 years 1995–2005, a period which saw dramatic warming in the Arctic (>1˚C for annual values in relation to the 1951–90 mean). An abrupt rise in SAT occurred in… 

Air temperature changes in the Arctic in the period 1951–2015 in the light of observational and reanalysis data

Recent air temperature changes in the high Arctic (HA) have been investigated based on mean seasonal and annual data calculated for the period 1951–2015 and for two sub-periods 1976–2015 and

Changes in the Proportion of Precipitation Occurring as Rain in Northern Canada during Spring–Summer from 1979–2015

Changes in the form of precipitation have a considerable impact on the Arctic cryosphere and ecological system by influencing the energy balance and surface runoff. In this study, station

Air temperature variations and gradients along the coast and fjords of western Spitsbergen

Daily temperature measurements from six meteorological stations along the coast and fjords of western Spitsbergen have been digitized and quality controlled in a Norwegian, Russian and Polish

Surface air temperature variability and trends in the Arctic: new amplification assessment and regionalisation

Arctic amplification of temperature change is theorised to be an important feature of the Earth's climate system. For observational assessment and understanding of mechanisms of this amplification,

Oceanic control of the warming processes in the Arctic - a different point of view for the reasons of changes in the Arctic climate

The paper describes the strong correlation between the sea surface temperature (SST) in the region of the Gulf Stream delta and anomalies in surface air temperature (SAT) in the Arctic over the

Variability of humidity conditions in the Arctic during the first International Polar Year, 1882–83

Of all the early instrumental data for the Arctic, the meteorological data gathered during the first International Polar Year, in 1882–83 (IPY-1), are the best in terms of coverage, quality and

Comparison of Early Twentieth Century Arctic Warming and Contemporary Arctic Warming in the light of daily and sub-daily data

A review of many studies published since the late 1920s reveals that the main driving mechanisms responsible for the Early Twentieth Century Arctic Warming (ETCAW) are not fully recognized. The main

Recent warming on Spitsbergen—Influence of atmospheric circulation and sea ice cover

Spitsbergen has experienced some of the most severe temperature changes in the Arctic during the last three decades. This study relates the recent warming to variations in large‐scale atmospheric

Inter‐ and intra‐annual changes in air temperature and precipitation in western Spitsbergen

Natural systems are characterized by seasonal and inter‐annual variability. In the Arctic, changes in annual runs of air temperature and precipitation play crucial roles and have implications for the

Air Temperature and Precipitation Changes in the Kaffiøyra Region (NW Spitsbergen) from 1975 to 2010

Air temperature and precipitation conditions in the Kaffioyra region in the summer season (21st July-31st August) for the period of 1975-2010 are described: 1) on the basis of data gathered in 18



Temporal and spatial variation of surface air temperature over the period of instrumental observations in the Arctic

A detailed analysis of the spatial and temporal changes in mean seasonal and annual surface air temperatures over the period of instrumental observations in the Arctic is presented. In addition, the

Variability and Trends of Air Temperature and Pressure in the Maritime Arctic, 1875–2000

Arctic atmospheric variability during the industrial era (1875‐2000) is assessed using spatially averaged surface air temperature (SAT) and sea level pressure (SLP) records. Air temperature and

Seasonal and Regional Variation of Pan-Arctic Surface Air Temperature over the Instrumental Record*

Abstract Instrumental surface air temperature (SAT) records beginning in the late 1800s from 59 Arctic stations north of 64°N show monthly mean anomalies of several degrees and large spatial

Surface air temperature and its changes over the past 150 years

We review the surface air temperature record of the past 150 years, considering the homogeneity of the basic data and the standard errors of estimation of the average hemispheric and global

Integrated Analysis of Physical and Biological Pan-Arctic Change

We investigate the recent large changes that have occurred in the Arctic over the period of 1965–1995 through examination of 86 regionally-dispersed time series representing seven data types: climate

The Arctic Ocean Response to the North Atlantic Oscillation

The climatically sensitive zone of the Arctic Ocean lies squarely within the domain of the North Atlantic oscillation (NAO), one of the most robust recurrent modes of atmospheric behavior. However,

The Early Twentieth-Century Warming in the Arctic—A Possible Mechanism

The huge warming of the Arctic that started in the early 1920s and lasted for almost two decades is one of the most spectacular climate events of the twentieth century. During the peak period

An Arctic and antarctic perspective on recent climate change

We contrast recent climatic and environmental changes and their causes in the Arctic and the Antarctic. There are continuing increases in surface temperatures, losses of sea ice and tundra, and

Warming trends in the Arctic from clear sky satellite observations

Abstract Satellite thermal infrared data on surface temperatures provide pan-Arctic coverage from 1981 to 2001 during cloud-free conditions and reveal large warming anomalies in the 1990s compared to

Response of Sea Ice to the Arctic Oscillation

Abstract Data collected by the International Arctic Buoy Programme from 1979 to 1998 are analyzed to obtain statistics of sea level pressure (SLP) and sea ice motion (SIM). The annual and seasonal