Recent advances regarding diterpene cyclase genes in higher plants and fungi.

@article{Toyomasu2008RecentAR,
  title={Recent advances regarding diterpene cyclase genes in higher plants and fungi.},
  author={Tomonobu Toyomasu},
  journal={Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry},
  year={2008},
  volume={72 5},
  pages={
          1168-75
        }
}
Cyclic diterpenoids are commonly biosynthesized from geranylgeranyl diphosphate (GGDP) through the formation of carbon skeletons by specific cyclases and subsequent chemical modifications, such as oxidation, reduction, methylation, and glucosidation. A variety of diterpenoids are produced in higher plants and fungi. Rice produces four classes of diterpene phytoalexins, phytocassanes A to E, oryzalexins A to F, oryzalexin S, and momilactones A and B. The six diterpene cyclase genes involved in… CONTINUE READING

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