Recent advances in the understanding of the pathophysiology and treatment of hyperprolactinemia.

Hyperprolactinemia is frequently diagnosed in patients with infertility and menstrual cycle irregularities. Control of prolactin secretion is complex and involves inhibition by dopamine and possibly endothelins, as well as stimulation by serotoninergic and opioidergic pathways, gonadotropin-releasing hormone, and possibly galanin. Some patients with… CONTINUE READING