Recent advances in differentiating suicide attempters from suicide ideators

  title={Recent advances in differentiating suicide attempters from suicide ideators},
  author={Elisha David Klonsky and Tianyou Qiu and Boaz Y. Saffer},
  journal={Current Opinion in Psychiatry},
Purpose of review This article summarizes findings from recent studies (published since 2015) examining differences between suicide attempters and suicide ideators. Recent findings Converging evidence suggests that the capability to attempt suicide (e.g., acquired capability, painful and provocative experiences, high tolerance for pain and distress) is higher in suicide attempters than suicide ideators. Other psychosocial and biological differences have also been identified but require… 
Non-suicidal Self-injury Differentiates Suicide Ideators and Attempters and Predicts Future Suicide Attempts in Patients with Eating Disorders.
Cutting, frequency and different methods of N SSI, intra and interpersonal functions were risk factors that differentiated ideators from attempters, being frequency of NSSI the best predictor of suicide attempts longitudinally.
Association of suicidal behavior with exposure to suicide and suicide attempt: A systematic review and multilevel meta-analysis
The findings of this systematic review and meta-analysis indicate that prior Exposure to suicide and prior exposure to suicide attempt in the general population are associated with increased odds of subsequent suicidal behavior, but these exposures do not incur uniform risk across the full range of suicide-related outcomes.
The integrated motivational–volitional model of suicidal behaviour
It is proposed that defeat and entrapment drive the emergence of suicidal ideation and that a group of factors, entitled volitional moderators (VMs), govern the transition from suicidal Ideation to suicidal behaviour.
Examining Time Perspective Orientation in Suicide Ideation and Suicide Attempts
Introduction: Time perspective orientation (TPO) refers to the way an individual psychologically and behaviorally connects to temporal concepts of past, present, and future. Previous studies have
What distinguishes adolescents with suicidal thoughts from those who have attempted suicide? A population‐based birth cohort study
  • B. Mars, J. Heron, D. Gunnell
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
  • 2019
The extent of exposure to self‐harm in others and the presence of psychiatric disorder most clearly differentiate adolescents who attempt suicide from those who only experience suicidal ideation.
The effect of sexual abuse and dissociation on suicide attempt
Patients who had experienced sexual abuse reported higher levels of dissociation and were younger at onset of suicidal thoughts, more likely to self-harm, and morelikely to have attempted suicide; and they had made more suicide attempts.
Mental disorders and risk of suicide attempt in prisoners
Most mental disorders are best conceptualized as risk factors for suicidal ideation rather than for suicide attempt, suggesting that once prisoners consider suicide, other biopsychosocial factors beyond the mere presence of mental disorders may account for the progression from thoughts to acts of suicide.
Suicide capacity within the ideation-to-action framework: a scoping review protocol
The aim of this review is to map the available evidence to provide an overview of factors that contribute to an adult’s capacity for suicide to ensure future research and development of suicide prevention strategies are based on evidential knowledge.


Suicide, Suicide Attempts, and Suicidal Ideation.
The ideation-to-action framework stipulates that the development of suicidal ideation and the progression from ideation to suicide attempts are distinct phenomena with distinct explanations and predictors.
What Distinguishes Suicide Attempters From Suicide Ideators? A Meta‐Analysis of Potential Factors
Most suicide ideators do not attempt suicide. Thus, it is useful to understand what differentiates attempters from ideators. We meta-analyzed 27 studies comparing sociodemographic and clinical
Differentiating suicide attempters from suicide ideators: a critical frontier for suicidology research.
This special section of Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior serves to highlight this knowledge gap and provide new data on differences (and similarities) between suicide attempters and suicide ideators.
The Association between Anhedonia, Suicidal Ideation, and Suicide Attempts in a Large Student Sample
Novel evidence is provided regarding the relationship between anhedonia and risk of attempting suicide and the role anhedonian plays in the unfolding of suicidal behavior over time.
An Aspect of the Capability for Suicide—Fearlessness of the Pain Involved in Dying—Amplifies the Association Between Suicide Ideation and Attempts
The hypothesis that one aspect of the capability for suicide—fearlessness of the pain involved in dying—would amplify the positive association between current suicide ideation and a previous suicide attempt in two samples at high risk for experiencing suicide Ideation and suicide attempts is examined.
Clarifying the Relationship of Parental Bonding to Suicide Ideation and Attempts.
Lower parental care may be an important risk factor for youth suicidal behavior and may help differentiate suicide attempters from suicide ideators, and parental overprotection was not associated with suicide ideation or suicide attempts.
The Relationship of Self-reported Executive Functioning to Suicide Ideation and Attempts: Findings from a Large U.S.-based Online Sample
  • Boaz Y. Saffer, E. D. Klonsky
  • Psychology
    Archives of suicide research : official journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
  • 2017
Individuals with recent suicide attempts reported significantly worse executive functioning than ideators, and self-reported executive functioning may represent an important short-term risk factor for suicide attempts.