Recent Progress in Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for Phobias: A Systematic Review

@article{Botella2017RecentPI,
  title={Recent Progress in Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for Phobias: A Systematic Review},
  author={Cristina Botella and Javier Fern{\'a}ndez-{\'A}lvarez and Ver{\'o}nica Marina Guill{\'e}n and Azucena Garc{\'i}a-Palacios and Rosa Mar{\'i}a Ba{\~n}os},
  journal={Current Psychiatry Reports},
  year={2017},
  volume={19},
  pages={1-13}
}
This review is designed to systematically examine the available evidence about virtual reality exposure therapy’s (VRET) efficacy for phobias, critically describe some of the most important challenges in the field and discuss possible directions. Evidence reveals that virtual reality (VR) is an effective treatment for phobias and useful for studying specific issues, such as pharmacological compounds and behavioral manipulations, that can enhance treatment outcomes. In addition, some variables… 

Tips for Effective Implementation of Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy in Phobias—A Systematic Review

The effectiveness of VRET in phobias is greater without concomitant psychiatric comorbidity and on the condition of inducing and maintaining in the patient an experience of immersion in the VR environment.

Evolution of VRET to Assist in the Treatment of Phobias: a systematic review

It is concluded that the virtual reality exposure therapy is an important tool for the treatment of phobias and a low cost option.

The Symbiosis of Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy and Telemental Health: A Review

Phobias and related anxiety are common and costly mental health disorders. Experts anticipate the prevalence of phobias will increase due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Exposure therapies have been

Augmenting Exposure Therapy: Mobile Augmented Reality for Specific Phobia

The study shows that animals presented in AR through a mobile device can evoke anxiety, which is a pre-requisite for the implementation of ARET, however, further research should establish the effects of WereT in a clinical sample of people with specific phobias.

Virtual Reality for Anxiety and Stress-Related Disorders: A SWOT Analysis

Overall, it is undoubted that VR appears as a well-established technology for the treatment of ASRD and the main challenges are in line with the possibility of hurdling the same obstacles that the whole field of clinical psychology and psychotherapy has to deal with.

Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy

This chapter focuses on the application of virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) to augment the efficacy of prolonged exposure therapy (PE) for various anxiety-based disorders. These have been

Virtual Reality exposure therapy for public speaking anxiety in routine care: a single-subject effectiveness trial

It is concluded that VR exposure therapy can be effective under routine care conditions and is an attractive approach for future, large-scale implementation and effectiveness trials.

Provider experiences of virtual reality in clinical treatment

It is demonstrated that VR is well-received by patients and providers, allowing increased patient engagement and treatment individualization, however, associated costs, including an inability to bill for this service, can present a barrier to further implementation.

Virtual Reality Therapy in Social Anxiety Disorder

Current research into different facets of SAD and VRET has produced promising results with respect to technological aspects and there is a clear need for studies investigating the efficacy of VRET as a stand-alone treatment and the therapeutic processes involved before this therapy can be disseminated in routine clinical practice.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 104 REFERENCES

Virtual reality exposure therapy in anxiety disorders: a systematic review of process‐and‐outcome studies

Strict methodological criteria are used to give an overview of the controlled trials regarding the efficacy of VRET in patients with anxiety disorders and research into process variables such as the therapeutic alliance and cognitions and enhancement of therapy effects through cognitive enhancers is discussed.

Efficacy of virtual reality exposure therapy for treatment of dental phobia: a randomized control trial

This study uses novel non-invasive VRET, which may provide a possible alternative treatment for dental anxiety and phobia, and examines the relation between subjective (presence) and objective (HR) measures during VRET.

In Vivo versus Augmented Reality Exposure in the Treatment of Small Animal Phobia: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Results obtained in this study indicate that Augmented Reality exposure is an effective treatment for specific phobias and well accepted by the participants.

A controlled study of agoraphobia and the independent effect of virtual reality exposure therapy

Overall, the isolated effects of VRET did not seem to be significantly less than the effects ofVRET combined with cognitive therapy, but the use of other components in addition to cognitive therapy and VRET for agoraphobia should be explored.

Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy Does Not Provide Any Additional Value in Agoraphobic Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Given the slight superiority of exposure in vivo above VRET, the costs involved in the implementation of VRET and the lack of long-term follow-up, VRET cannot yet be recommended for patients with agoraphobia.
...