Recent Immigrants: Unexpected Implications for Crime and Incarceration

  title={Recent Immigrants: Unexpected Implications for Crime and Incarceration},
  author={Kristin F. Butcher and Anne Morrison Piehl},
  journal={Industrial \& Labor Relations Review},
  pages={654 - 679}
This analysis of data from the 5% 1980 and 1990 Public Use Microdata Samples shows that among 18–40-year-old men in the United States, immigrants were less likely than the native-born to be institutionalized (that is, in correctional facilities, mental hospitals, or other institutions), and much less likely to be institutionalized than native-born men with similar demographic characteristics. Furthermore, earlier immigrants were more likely to be institutionalized than were more recent… Expand
Immigration and Crime in Early 20th Century America
Research on crime in the late 20th century has consistently shown that immigrants have lower rates of involvement in criminal activity than natives. We find that a century ago immigrants may haveExpand
Why are Immigrants&Apos; Incarceration Rates so Low? Evidence on Selective Immigration, Deterrence, and Deportation
The perception that immigration adversely affects crime rates led to legislation in the 1990s that particularly increased punishment of criminal aliens. In fact, immigrants have much lowerExpand
Immigrant Assimilation into U.S. Prisons, 1900-1930
It is revealed that immigrants rapidly assimilated to native incarceration patterns, and while the incarceration rates of new arrivals differ significantly by source country, patterns of assimilation are very similar. Expand
Theoretical Perspectives on the Immigration-Crime Relationship
A growing body of research documents that, contrary to public opinion, immigrants commit less crime than the native-born and that increased immigration to an area is either associated with lowerExpand
Immigrant Crime and Legal Status: Evidence from Repeated Amnesty Programs
Do general amnesty programs lead to reductions in the crime rate among immigrants? We answer this question by exploiting both cross-sectional and time variation in the number of immigrants legalizedExpand
Immigration Status and Criminal Violence: How Much More Dangerous are Natives than Immigrants?
The theory of immigration links migratory movements with seeking better standards of living, but could immigration be linked with people seeking the occasion to get involved in illegal activities? IfExpand
Immigrant assimilation into US prisons, 1900–1930
The analysis of a new dataset on state prisoners in the 1900 to 1930 censuses reveals that immigrants rapidly assimilated to native incarceration patterns. One feature of these data is that theExpand
On the association between undocumented immigration and crime in the United States
Approximately 11 million undocumented individuals live in the United States. At the same time, there are concerns that the presence of undocumented immigrants may contribute to an increase in crimeExpand
Reconciling National and Regional Estimates of the Effect of Immigration on U.S. Labor Markets: The Confounding Effects of Native Male Incarceration Trends
In this paper, we reconcile the disparity between regional and national level estimates of the effect of immigration on native earnings. The reconciliation derives from the fact that existingExpand
The Elusive Concept of Immigrant Quality: Evidence from 1970-1990
The labor market "quality" of immigrants is a subject of debate among immigration researchers, and a major public policy concern. However, traditional methods of measuring human capital areExpand


Cross-city evidence on the relationship between immigration and crime
Public concerns about the costs of immigration and crime are high, and sometimes overlapping. This article investigates the relationship between immigration into a metropolitan area and that area'sExpand
Assimilation, Changes in Cohort Quality, and the Earnings of Immigrants
  • G. Borjas
  • Economics
  • Journal of Labor Economics
  • 1985
This paper reexamines the empirical basis for two "facts" that seem to be found in most cross-section studies of immigrant earnings: (1) the earnings of immigrants grow rapidly as they assimilateExpand
Black Immigrants in the United States: A Comparison with Native Blacks and other Immigrants
This analysis of 1980 Census data shows that in 1979 immigrant black men had higher employment rates than native-born black men, but the wages of employed members of the two groups were nearly theExpand
Immigrant Worker Assimilation: Is It a Labor Market Phenomenon?
The work in this paper contributes to the debate on the economic assimilation of immigrant workers in the U.S. labor market. A model of simultaneous occupational choice and earnings is estimated forExpand
The Assimilation of Immigrants in the U.S. Labor Markets
This paper reassesses the evidence on the assimilation and the changing labor market skills of immigrants to the United States. We find strong evidence of labor market assimilation for most immigrantExpand
The Fertility of Immigrant Women: Evidence from High Fertility Source Countries
Using data from the 1970 and 1980 Censuses, we examined the fertility of immigrant women from the Middle East, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean where fertility rates averaged in excess of 5.5Expand
The Effect of Americanization on the Earnings of Foreign-born Men
The earnings of foreign-born adult white men, as reported in the 1970 Census of Population, are analyzed through comparisons with the native born and among the foreign born by country of origin,Expand
The increase in idleness of immigrant arrivals: The role of age at arrival, refugees and country of origin
Census data reveal that post-World War II immigration flows are contributing to the rising idleness of the U.S. resident male population. At the same length of U.S. residence, immigrants that arrivedExpand
America's Soaring Prison Population
  • P. Langan
  • Political Science, Medicine
  • Science
  • 1991
Rising incarceration rates have been gradual reductions in U.S. crime rates after 1973, according to annual crime victimization surveys, and the possibility that rising incarceration rates are helping to reduce crime must be weighed in debates about America's prisons. Expand
The Impact of the Mariel Boatlift on the Miami Labor Market
Using data from the Current Population Survey, this paper describes the effect of the Mariel Boatlift of 1980 on the Miami labor market. The Mariel immigrants increased the Miami labor force by 7%,Expand