Recent Arctic Sea Ice Variability: Connections to the Arctic Oscillation and the ENSO

  title={Recent Arctic Sea Ice Variability: Connections to the Arctic Oscillation and the ENSO},
  author={Jiping Liu and Judith A. Curry and Yongyun Hu},
  journal={Geophysical Research Letters},
Trends in the satellite‐derived Arctic sea ice concentrations (1978–2002) show pronounced decreases in the Barents/Kara Seas, between the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas, the central Sea of Okhotsk and a portion of the Hudson/Baffin Bay by ∼2–8% per decade, exceeding the 95% confidence level. Qualitatively speaking, positive phases of the Arctic Oscillation (AO) and El Niño‐Southern Oscillation (ENSO) produce similar ice changes in the western Arctic, but opposite ice changes in the eastern Arctic… 

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