Recent Advances in the Stabilization of Platinum Electrocatalysts for Fuel‐Cell Reactions

  title={Recent Advances in the Stabilization of Platinum Electrocatalysts for Fuel‐Cell Reactions},
  author={Minna Cao and Dongshuang Wu and Rong Cao},
Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) feature high energy densities, low operating temperatures, and low environmental impact, which make them a promising technology for power applications. As a key component of PEMFCs, Pt‐based catalysts are still under widespread investigation and have shown exciting performance; however, to move towards their successful commercialization, focusing solely on their catalytic activity is not sufficient. Instead, more effort is required to improve… Expand
Progress in modified carbon support materials for Pt and Pt-alloy cathode catalysts in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells
Abstract H 2 -fed polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are the most advanced fuel cell technology to date and continue to be of great interest as prospective energy sources in numerousExpand
Research advances in unsupported Pt-based catalysts for electrochemical methanol oxidation
Direct methanol fuel cells are one of the most promising alternative energy technologies in the foreseeable future, but its successful commercialization in large scale is still heavily hindered byExpand
Pt–Ru electrocatalysts for fuel cells: developments in the last decade
Reviewed herein are recent advances in the synthesis and performance of Pt–Ru electrocatalysts, including core–shell-like, for anodes in direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC) and in polymer electrolyteExpand
Water management implications for ALD-modified polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell catalysts
Device testing of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell catalysts is essential for electrocatalyst development, yet most reported catalysts fabricated with nanoceramic coatings via atomic layerExpand
Carbon-supported Pt5P2 nanoparticles used as a high-performance electrocatalyst for the methanol oxidation reaction
Modification of Pt catalysts to achieve satisfactory activities for commercialization of proton exchange membrane fuel cells has attracted widespread attention in recent years. In this study, aExpand
Enhancing the Specific Activity of Metal Catalysts Toward Oxygen Reduction by Introducing Proton Conductor
Enhancing oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity and simultaneously reducing usage of noble metal catalysts are significantly important both in fundamental and applied science communities forExpand
Facile Room-Temperature Synthesis of a Highly Active and Robust Single-Crystal Pt Multipod Catalyst for Oxygen Reduction Reaction.
A one-pot and low-cost process for large-scale synthesis of single-crystal Pt nanoflowers with abundant high-index facets, in an aqueous solution without any template or surfactant is reported. Expand
Facile Fabrication of Platinum-Cobalt Alloy Nanoparticles with Enhanced Electrocatalytic Activity for a Methanol Oxidation Reaction
A simple and facile strategy was developed for the more efficient preparation of multi-walled carbon nanotube -supported Pt/CoPt composite nanoparticles (NPs) via solution plasma sputtering with subsequent thermal annealing, which introduces a general and feasible route for the synthesis of binary alloys. Expand
3D Analysis of Fuel Cell Electrocatalyst Degradation on Alternate Carbon Supports.
Tomographic reconstructions of Pt/HSAC show much better initial Pt dispersions, less agglomeration, and less coarsening during ASTs in the cathode, and a large loss of the electrochemically active surface area (ECSA) is observed and is attributed to accelerated Pt dissolution and nanoparticle coalescence. Expand
Construction of Pt/graphitic C3N4/MoS2 heterostructures on photo-enhanced electrocatalytic oxidation of small organic molecules
Abstract Low temperature fuel cells, with the features of clean, environmental friendliness, and high energy density, are considered as ideal future green energy sources. It has been recentlyExpand


Recent advances in catalysts for direct methanol fuel cells
Over the past few decades, direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) have been intensively developed as clean and high-efficiency energy conversion devices. However, their dependence on expensive Pt-basedExpand
Platinum-based electrocatalysts with core-shell nanostructures.
  • Hong Yang
  • Materials Science, Medicine
  • Angewandte Chemie
  • 2011
Sun and co-workers recently reported a synthesis of multimetallic core–shell nanoparticles, which is the latest of several recent investigations into the synthesis and electrocatalytic properties of multimental core– shell nanoparticles. Expand
A review of electrocatalysts with enhanced CO tolerance and stability for polymer electrolyte membarane fuel cells
Abstract A comprehensive review of the investigations performed in search for development of electrocatalysts with enhanced reformate tolerance for low temperature polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM)Expand
Platinum-based oxygen reduction electrocatalysts.
Recent progress in the design and synthetic strategies for ORR catalysts including controlling the shape and size of Pt and its bimetallic alloys, and controlling the surface composition and structure of core-shell, monolayer, and hollow porous structures are reviewed. Expand
Use of polypyrrole in catalysts for low temperature fuel cells
Carbon materials, especially Vulcan XC-72 carbon black, are the most widely used catalyst support in low temperature fuel cells. Several disadvantages of these catalyst supports, however, limit theExpand
Electrocatalysis for Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells: Recent Achievements and Future Challenges
Fuel cell technology is currently shifting very fast from fundamental research to real development. In addition to other aspects, this transition is possible because of the important improvementsExpand
Molecular architecture of cobalt porphyrin multilayers on reduced graphene oxide sheets for high-performance oxygen reduction reaction.
Replacement of platinum-based materials with non-precious-metal catalysts, which are of low cost, high catalytic activity, and robust, has become one of the key issues for the realization of mass applications of PEMFCs. Expand
One-pot synthesis of cubic PtCu3 nanocages with enhanced electrocatalytic activity for the methanol oxidation reaction.
This study reports the synthesis, characterization, and electrochemical evaluation of cubic intermetallic PtCu(3) nanocages, which possess a more accessible surface area and a unique hollow structure that contribute to improved electrocatalytic activity in the methanol oxidation reaction. Expand
Fuel cell electrocatalyst using polybenzimidazole-modified carbon nanotubes as support materials.
This review article summarized the fundamental properties of the CNT/PBIs/Pt and discussed their potential as a new electrocatalyst for the PEFC in comparison with the conventional ones, including use of the materials for oxygen reduction catalysts and reinforcement of PBI films are summarized. Expand
Engineering interface and surface of noble metal nanoparticle nanotubes toward enhanced catalytic activity for fuel cell applications.
This Account describes developments in the construction of highly active NNs with unique surface and heterogeneous interface structures and tries to clarify enhanced activity and stability in catalytic systems by taking into account the activity impact factors. Expand