Recent Advances in Structural Research on Ether Lipids from Archaea Including Comparative and Physiological Aspects

@article{Koga2005RecentAI,
  title={Recent Advances in Structural Research on Ether Lipids from Archaea Including Comparative and Physiological Aspects},
  author={Y. Koga and H. Morii},
  journal={Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry},
  year={2005},
  volume={69},
  pages={2019 - 2034}
}
  • Y. Koga, H. Morii
  • Published 2005
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
A great number of novel and unique chemical structures of archaeal polar lipids have been reported. Since 1993, when those lipids were reviewed in several review articles, a variety of core lipids and lipids with unique polar groups have been reported successively. We summarize new lipid structures from archaea elucidated after 1993. In addition to lipids from intact archaeal cells, more diverse structures of archaea-related lipids found in environmental samples are also reviewed. These lipids… Expand
Biosynthesis of Ether-Type Polar Lipids in Archaea and Evolutionary Considerations
  • Y. Koga, H. Morii
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews
  • 2007
TLDR
It is proposed that common phospholipid polar head groups were present in precells before the differentiation into archaea and bacteria, and played a role in synthesis of the characteristic structures of archaeal and bacterialospholipids. Expand
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TLDR
This review provides an update on isoprenoid biosynthesis pathways, with a focus on the archaeal enzymes. Expand
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TLDR
This microreview focuses primarily on structural and physicochemical properties of polar lipids of (hyper)thermophilic archaea. Expand
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TLDR
This paper reviews some recent phylogenomic studies that have revealed a modified mevalonate pathway for the synthesis of isoprenoid precursors in archaea and suggested that this domain uses an atypical pathway of synthesis of fatty acids devoid of any acyl carrier protein, which is essential for this activity in bacteria and eukaryotes. Expand
Archaeal phospholipids: Structural properties and biosynthesis.
  • A. Caforio, A. Driessen
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Biochimica et biophysica acta. Molecular and cell biology of lipids
  • 2017
TLDR
The chemical and physical properties ofarchaeal lipids and membranes derived thereof are described, the existing knowledge about the enzymology of the archaeal lipid biosynthetic pathway is summarized, and evolutionary theories associated with the "Lipid Divide" that resulted in the differentiation of bacterial and archaealing organisms are discussed. Expand
A re-evaluation of the archaeal membrane lipid biosynthetic pathway
TLDR
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Archaea Possess an Atypical Pathway of Biosynthesis of Isoprenoid
Archaea have idiosyncratic cell membranes usually based on phospholipids containing glycerol-1-phosphate linked by ether bonds to isoprenoid lateral chains. Since these phospholipids strongly differExpand
7 – The Identification of Polar Lipids in Prokaryotes
TLDR
This chapter is devoted to the methods used in polar lipid analysis, including the growth of the organisms under standardized conditions, and the methods for extraction and visualization of the lipids by thin-layer chromatography and for the identification of some of the properties of thelipids by using colourimetric spray reagents. Expand
Archaebacterial bipolar tetraether lipids: Physico-chemical and membrane properties.
  • P. Chong
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Chemistry and physics of lipids
  • 2010
TLDR
Special attention is focused on how the number of cyclopentane rings varies with environmental factors and affects membrane properties. Expand
Ether-lipid membrane engineering of Escherichia coli
TLDR
The reconstitution of the complete ether lipid biosynthetic pathway both in vitro and in vivo is described and a novel enzyme in the archaeal lipids biosynthesis, namely the CDP-archaeol synthase is identified and revealed a high promiscuity of bacterial enzymes for the attachment of the polar head groups. Expand
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