Recency effect in anterograde amnesia: Evidence for distinct memory stores underlying enhanced retrieval of terminal items in immediate and delayed recall paradigms

@article{Carlesimo1996RecencyEI,
  title={Recency effect in anterograde amnesia: Evidence for distinct memory stores underlying enhanced retrieval of terminal items in immediate and delayed recall paradigms},
  author={Giovanni Augusto Carlesimo and Gerolama Alessandra Marfia and Antonella Loasses and Carlo Caltagirone},
  journal={Neuropsychologia},
  year={1996},
  volume={34},
  pages={177-184}
}
Long-Term Recency in Anterograde Amnesia
TLDR
The findings suggest that interference mechanisms are preserved in amnesia despite the overall impairment to LTM, and challenge strict dual-store models of memory and their dominance in explaining amnesia.
The demise of short-term memory revisited: empirical and computational investigations of recency effects.
TLDR
It is suggested that 2 memory components are needed to account for the recency effects: an episodic contextual system with changing context and an activation-based short-term memory buffer that drives the encoding of item-context associations.
Dissociating conditional recency in immediate and delayed free recall: a challenge for unitary models of recency.
  • S. Farrell
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 2010
TLDR
Analysis of data from a number of previously published free recall studies shows that when the assumed availability of final list items is taken into account, recency increases across the first few output positions in immediate recall despite the delay introduced by recalling items; no such change, with a trend to decreasing recency, is observed in delayed recall.
Dissociations Between Recency and Association in the Temporal Context Model : A Description of the Mnemonic Deficit Observed in Cognitive Aging
The Temporal Context Model (TCM, M. W. Howard and M. J. Kahana, 2002), uses contextual drift to explain recency effects and contextual retrieval to explain associative effects. Previously, recency
Intact temporal memory in amnesic patients
Semantic similarity dissociates short- from long-term recency effects: Testing a neurocomputational model of list memory
TLDR
A new dissociation between short- and long-term recency based on semantic similarity is presented, which is predicted by the model and is due to the mutual support between associated items in the short-term store, which takes place in immediate free recall and delayed free recall but not in continuous-distractor free recall.
Medial Temporal Lobe Amnesia Is Associated with a Deficit in Recovering Temporal Context
TLDR
Results reveal that the lag-CRP, but not the probability of first recall, is altered in amnesia, suggesting a selective disruption of temporal contiguity in patients with MTL amnesia.
The Isolation, Primacy, and Recency Effects Predicted by an Adaptive LTD/LTP Threshold in Postsynaptic Cells
TLDR
This article suggests that the primacy, the recency, and the isolation effects can be accounted for by experience-dependent synaptic plasticity in neural cells by implementing an adaptive LTP-LTD threshold in an artificial neural network, whereas none of these phenomena are accounted for if the threshold is constant.
Short-term memory after all: comment on Sederberg, Howard, and Kahana (2008).
TLDR
It is argued that the success of TCM-A in addressing the dissociations is dependent not only on an episodic encoding matrix but--critically--also on its implicit use of a short-term memory store--albeit exponential rather than buffer-like.
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Four experiments confirm qualitative and quantitative predictions of the temporal distinctiveness theory of contextually cued retrieval from memory, including the prediction of auditory superiority at the beginning of the list when the initial items are temporally distinct.
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TLDR
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What can amnesic patients learn?
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