Receiver-operating characteristics in recognition memory: evidence for a dual-process model.

@article{Yonelinas1994ReceiveroperatingCI,
  title={Receiver-operating characteristics in recognition memory: evidence for a dual-process model.},
  author={Andrew P. Yonelinas},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition},
  year={1994},
  volume={20 6},
  pages={
          1341-54
        }
}
  • A. Yonelinas
  • Published 1 November 1994
  • Psychology
  • Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
Evidence is presented that recognition judgments are based on an assessment of familiarity, as is described by signal detection theory, but that a separate recollection process also contributes to performance. In 3 receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) experiments, the process dissociation procedure was used to examine the contribution of these processes to recognition memory. In Experiments 1 and 2, reducing the length of the study list increased the intercept (d') but decreased the slope… 
CRITICAL INVESTIGATIONS OF THE Z-ROC CURVE: EVIDENCES FOR A SINGLE-PROCESS MODEL OF RECOGNITION MEMORY
A dominant approach to recognition memory is dual-process theory, comprising both signal- detection (familiarity) and high-threshold (recollection) mechanisms. The finding that z-ROC slopes are
The contribution of recollection and familiarity to recognition and source-memory judgments: a formal dual-process model and an analysis of receiver operating characteristics.
  • A. Yonelinas
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 1999
TLDR
A formal dual-process model that assumes that memory judgments can be based on a threshold recollection process and a signal-detection-based familiarity process is proposed to account for both recognition and source-memory performance and found that participants could use familiarity as a basis for source judgments.
Item recognition memory and the receiver operating characteristic.
  • A. Heathcote
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 2003
TLDR
It was found that z-transformed ROC slope was increased by similarity, category length, and study item repetition, but slope was relatively unaffected by massed study time.
Testing theories of recognition memory by predicting performance across paradigms.
TLDR
The authors evaluate and discuss the extent to which each model possesses theoretical validity versus computational flexibility in curve fitting, and compare the invariance of parameter estimates between yes/no (Y/N) and 2-alternative forced-choice (2AFC) testing paradigms.
Dual-process theory and signal-detection theory of recognition memory.
TLDR
A dual-process version of signal-detection theory implies that individual recognition decisions are not process pure, and it suggests new ways to investigate the brain correlates of recognition memory.
Conceptual automaticity in recognition memory: levels-of-processing effects on familiarity.
  • J. Toth
  • Psychology
    Canadian journal of experimental psychology = Revue canadienne de psychologie experimentale
  • 1996
TLDR
Three experiments show that familiarity can also arise from prior conceptual (meaning-based) processing, and estimates of recollection, but not familiarity, were affected by response-signal delay, suggesting functional independence between the two processes.
Familiarity, recollection, and receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves in recognition memory
TLDR
The results indicate that individual versus group data must be used with caution in determining the appropriate theoretical interpretation of recognition memory performance, and report substantially different ROC curves when they are based on variations in target-word frequency, confidence judgments, and response latencies.
Theremember response: Subject to bias, graded, and not a process-pure indicator of recollection
TLDR
The data support the conclusion thatremember responses are generally based on a continuous underlying process but that specific task instructions can produce data that appear consistent with a high-threshold recollective process.
Recognition memory for source and occurrence: The importance of recollection
TLDR
The results indicated that the unequal-variance assumption in a single-process signal detection model was not a valid substitution for recollection and that recollection was used to make recognition judgments even when assessments of familiarity were useful.
The integration of familiarity and recollection information in short-term recognition: modeling speed-accuracy trade-off functions
TLDR
A model combining the outputs of both processes additively (Integration Model) gave an overall better fit to the data than a model based on a continuous familiarity signal and a probabilistic all-or-none recollection process (Dominance Model).
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  • Psychology
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