Recasting “Substantial Equivalence”:Transatlantic Governance of GM Food

  title={Recasting “Substantial Equivalence”:Transatlantic Governance of GM Food},
  author={Les Levidow and Joseph S. Murphy and Susan M. D. Carr},
  journal={Science, Technology, \& Human Values},
  pages={26 - 64}
When intense public controversy erupted around agricultural biotechnology in the late 1990s, critics found opportunities to challenge risk assessment criteria and test methods for genetically modified (GM) products. In relation to GM food, they criticized the concept of substantial equivalence, which European Union and United States regulators had adopted as the basis for a harmonized, science-based approach to risk assessment. Competing policy agendas framed scientific uncertainty in different… 

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