Recapitalizing the Fleet: A Material Analysis of Late-Nineteenth-Century U.S. Naval Power

@article{Wolters2011RecapitalizingTF,
  title={Recapitalizing the Fleet: A Material Analysis of Late-Nineteenth-Century U.S. Naval Power},
  author={Timothy S. Wolters},
  journal={Technology and Culture},
  year={2011},
  volume={52},
  pages={103 - 126}
}
This article quantitatively analyzes American naval-force structure from 1869 to 1899. It makes four arguments: first, that operational capabilities lagged behind political decisions by many years; second, that antiquated ships imposed a significant financial burden on the U.S. Navy; third, that successful fleet operations required a technologically compatible force structure; and finally, that the United States was ill-prepared to fight a major maritime war until about 1897. U.S. naval power… 
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