Recall of childhood trauma: a prospective study of women's memories of child sexual abuse.

@article{Williams1994RecallOC,
  title={Recall of childhood trauma: a prospective study of women's memories of child sexual abuse.},
  author={Linda M Williams},
  journal={Journal of consulting and clinical psychology},
  year={1994},
  volume={62 6},
  pages={
          1167-76
        }
}
  • L. Williams
  • Published 1 December 1994
  • Psychology
  • Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
One hundred twenty-nine women with previously documented histories of sexual victimization in childhood were interviewed and asked detailed questions about their abuse histories to answer the question "Do people actually forget traumatic events such as child sexual abuse, and if so, how common is such forgetting?" A large proportion of the women (38%) did not recall the abuse that had been reported 17 years earlier. Women who were younger at the time of the abuse and those who were molested by… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Recovered memories of abuse in women with documented child sexual victimization histories
  • L. Williams
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of traumatic stress
  • 1995
TLDR
There is evidence that some adults who claim to have recovered memories of sexual abuse recall actual events that occurred in childhood, according to interviews with women with documented histories of sexual victimization in childhood.
Recovered and continuous memories of childhood sexual abuse: A quantitative and qualitative analysis
This study is an in-depth examination of women who reported childhood sexual abuse (CSA). Among a non-clinical sample of 26 women, ages 22 65, 11 reported they had always remembered CSA (continuous
The Limitations of a Prospective Study of Memories for Child Sexual Abuse
Prospective studies have been held out as a kind of Holy Grail in research about remembering or forgetting child sexual abuse. They seem to hold the perfect answer to the verification problems that
Accuracy of adult recollections of childhood victimization, Part 2: Childhood sexual abuse.
Using data from a study with prospective-cohorts design in which children who were physically abused, sexually abused, or neglected about 20 years ago were followed up along with a matched control
The impact of childhood abuse and neglect on adult mental health: a prospective study.
TLDR
The results indicate that men who were abused and neglected as children have more dysthymia and antisocial personality disorder as adults than matched controls, but they did not have more alcohol problems.
MEMORY RECOVERY OF CHILDHOOD SEXUAL ABUSE
In this study, no empirical evidence was found for the notion that most patients recover memories of childhood sexual abuse because their therapist had suggested to them that they were abused as
Memory of Childhood Sexual Abuse among Clinicians: Characteristics, Outcomes, and Current Therapy Attitudes
TLDR
Therapists who suspected abuse were more likely to report that the perpetrator was a family member, that their CSA did not involve physical contact, that there was alcoholism in their families of origin, and that the CSA had negative effects on their relationships with their own children.
Accuracy of Adult Recollections of Childhood Victimization : Part 1 . Childhood Physical Abuse
Using data from a study with prospective-cohorts design in which children who were physically abused, sexually abused, or neglected about 20 years ago were followed up along with a matched control
Traumatic Impact Predicts Long-Term Memory for Documented Child Sexual Abuse
TLDR
Understanding an event's traumatic impact is important for predicting the accuracy of long-term memory for reported CSA, and Severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology was positively associated with memory accuracy.
Autobiographical Memory Disturbances in Childhood Abuse Survivors
Summary Clinicians have noted that childhood abuse survivors frequently report that they have forgotten large parts of their childhood. While memory for abusive experiences has attracted a great deal
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 80 REFERENCES
Recovered memories of abuse in women with documented child sexual victimization histories
  • L. Williams
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of traumatic stress
  • 1995
TLDR
There is evidence that some adults who claim to have recovered memories of sexual abuse recall actual events that occurred in childhood, according to interviews with women with documented histories of sexual victimization in childhood.
Memories of Childhood Sexual Abuse: Remembering and Repressing
Women involved in out-patient treatment for substance abuse were interviewed to examine their recollections of childhood sexual abuse. Overall, 54% of the 105 women reported a history of childhood
Impact of sexual abuse on children: a review and synthesis of recent empirical studies.
TLDR
The findings suggest the absence of any specific syndrome in children who have been sexually abused and no single traumatizing process.
Self-reported amnesia for abuse in adults molested as children
A sample of 450 adult clinical subjects reporting sexual abuse histories were studied regarding their repression of sexual abuse incidents. A total of 267 subjects (59.3%) identified some period in
Methodological issues in the study of sexual abuse effects.
  • J. Briere
  • Psychology
    Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 1992
TLDR
The findings have been helpful in informing social policy and guiding mental health practice, but many of these studies have used correlational designs and retrospective reports of abuse.
Recovery and verification of memories of childhood sexual trauma.
TLDR
Fifty-three women outpatients participated in short-term therapy groups for incest survivors and three out of four patients were able to validate their memories by obtaining corroborating evidence from other sources.
Children who are victims of sexual assault and the psychology of offenders.
  • J. Peters
  • Psychology
    American journal of psychotherapy
  • 1976
TLDR
The author's experience in private psychoanalytic practice and in Philadelphia's rape victim clinics indicates that sexual assaults occur frequently and if the sexual attack is dealt with improperly or repressed it may cause serious psychologic problems for the victim as an adult.
The traumatic impact of child sexual abuse: a conceptualization.
A framework is proposed for a more systematic understanding of the effects of child sexual abuse. Four traumagenic dynamics--traumatic sexualization, betrayal, stigmatization, and powerlessness--are
...
...