Reassessing the Causes of Nongovernmental Terrorism in Latin America

  title={Reassessing the Causes of Nongovernmental Terrorism in Latin America},
  author={Andreas Feldmann and Maiju Johanna Per{\"a}l{\"a}},
  journal={Latin American Politics and Society},
  pages={101 - 132}
Abstract For years, nongovernmental terrorism in Latin America was considered an epiphenomenon of the Cold War. The persistence of this type of political violence in the 1990s, however, not only belied many assumptions about its causes but also led scholars to reexamine the phenomenon. This article investigates the validity of a number of hypotheses by applying a pooled time-series cross-section regression analysis to data from 17 Latin American countries between 1980 and 1995. Findings… 
Repression and Terrorism: A Cross-National Empirical Analysis of Types of Repression and Domestic Terrorism
While some scholars have theorized that repression reduces terrorism because it raises the costs of participating in terrorist activity by dissidents, others argue that repression stimulates
Oil and terrorism: an investigation of mediators
Do states with oil wealth experience more terrorism and, if so, why? Drawing from the intrastate war literature, this study considers several factors that prospectively mediate the relationship
Domestic Terrorism in Democratic States: Understanding and Addressing Minority Grievances
Scholars continue to disagree on the relationship between regime type and political violence, perhaps because the empirical evidence remains contradictory. To date, most studies generally explore the
Why do Terrorists Claim Credit?
Terrorism is commonly considered a coercive political strategy employed to manipulate a broader audience, enraptured by the horror of the terrorist’s dramatic acts of violence. However, if generating
Economic Performance And Terrorist Activity In Latin America
We investigate the link between economic performance and terrorism for 18 Latin American countries from 1970 to 2007, taking into account the potentially complex nature of this link. Panel causality
Green houses for terrorism: measuring the impact of gender equality attitudes and outcomes as deterrents of terrorism
Recent research suggests that there are links between terrorism and gender inequality. This study is a cross-national times series estimation for 57 countries for the period 1994–2002 to examine the
This study measures the influence that multiple social, political, and economic conditions have on the development of ethno/national separatist terrorist organizations. It begins by analyzing the
Incubators of Terror: Anatomising the Determinants of Domestic Terrorism
In an age of geopolitical complexity, asymmetrical warfare has increased in lethality. In more than a decade since September 11, the international community continues to witness the unparalleled
Challenging the State: Evaluating the Effects of Uneven Distribution of Public Goods, Economic Globalization and Political Openness on Domestic Terrorism
The end of Cold-War ushered in an era of global economic integration and political openness in terms of emerging democracies; the world celebrated the triumph of free market capitalism as the East


Terror and Guerrilla Warfare in Latin America, 1956–1970
Most of the extraordinary waves of terror which have swept many Latin American societies since 1970 have occurred in guerrilla-based insurgencies or even civil wars. Because of the massive body
Transnational Terrorism in the Post–Cold War Era
The article uncovers evidence that the end of the Cold War has provideda dividend in terms of reduced transnational terrorism. Significant short-run and long-run effects are quantified with
Transnational Organized Crime and Terrorism
This article deals with the complex relationships that exist among drug traffickers, insurgent guerrilla groups, paramilitary forces, peasants, and the government's military and police agencies in
The Root Causes of Terrorism: Orthodox Terrorism Theory
Terrorism has been the subject of a vast amount of research especially during the last thirty years.1 The production of which has notably increased since the end of the Cold War and more recently in
The Causes of Terrorism
Terrorism occurs both in the context of violent resistance to the state as well as in the service of state interests. If we focus on terrorism directed against governments for purposes of political
Terrorism in the Arab-Israeli Conflict
Terrorism is politically motivated violence directed against non-combatants. It is no doubt as ancient as organized warfare itself, emerging as soon as one society, pitted against another in the
The Ultimate Terrorists
As bad as they are, why aren't terrorists worse? With biological, chemical and nuclear weapons at hand, they easily could be. Jessica Stern argues that the nuclear threat of the Cold War has been
The Transformation of the Western State: The Growth of Democracy, Autocracy, and State Power Since 1800
This article uses POLITY II, a new dataset on the authority traits of 155 countries, to assess some general historical arguments about the dynamics of political change in Europe and Latin America
The media's role in international terrorism
Abstract Terrorism, like propaganda, is a form of persuasive communication. Like propaganda, it is a pejorative term. Some have referred to it as propaganda of the deed. It is hard to define because
Cross-National Variation in Political Violence
Propositions about determinants of political violence at the cross-national level are derived from rational action theory and tested across the entire population of independent states in the