Reasons for Initiation and Cessation of Eating in Obese Men and Women and the Affective Consequences of Eating in Everyday Situations

  title={Reasons for Initiation and Cessation of Eating in Obese Men and Women and the Affective Consequences of Eating in Everyday Situations},
  author={Timo Tuomisto and M. T. Tuomisto and Marion M. Hetherington and Raimo Lappalainen},
Reasons for the initiation and termination of eating were investigated in 78 female and 36 male obese subjects following a weight control programme. Self-monitoring diaries were completed during a 24-h period, in which subjects selected the main reason for starting and stopping an eating episode. Additionally, subjects recorded mood before and after eating using visual analogue scales. Hunger was chosen as a reason to start eating in only 20% of cases. Environmental cues such as mealtime were… 

Reasons for eating 'unhealthy' snacks in overweight and obese males and females.

  • L. CleoburyK. Tapper
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Journal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Association
  • 2014
Findings point to the potential utility of intervention strategies that target cravings, enhance self-control or promote stimulus control in overweight and obese participants.

Psychological predictors of opportunistic snacking in the absence of hunger.

Eating as an Automatic Behavior

A revised view of eating as an automatic behavior, as opposed to one that humans can self-regulate, has profound implications for the response to the obesity epidemic, suggesting that the focus should be less on nutrition education and more on shaping the food environment.

Ecological Momentary Assessment of Obesogenic Eating Behavior: Combining Person‐Specific and Environmental Predictors

The findings suggest that the eating behavior of those with higher relative weights is susceptible to the presence of palatable foods in the environment, and individuals practicing weight control may benefit from limiting their exposure to good tasting high‐calorie food in their immediate environment.

Distraction, restrained eating and disinhibition: An experimental study of food intake and the impact of ‘eating on the go’

‘Eating on the go’ may disinhibit restrained eaters either as a form of distraction or by offering a justification to overeat, according to a study of 60 females consumed a cereal bar while watching TV, walking or talking.



Gender Differences in the Reasons Given for Meal Termination

The results suggest that gender may be a critical variable in studies of food intake, and specifically in the study of satiety mechanisms, and suggest an importance of hedonic factors in meal termination.

Sensory-specific satiety and its importance in meal termination

Spontaneous meal patterns of humans: influence of the presence of other people.

Adding the number of people present as a factor in a multiple-regression prediction of meal size more than doubled the variance accounted for, without altering the influence of other predictors, suggesting that social factors are associated independently with an increase in meal size.

Effects of age on sensory-specific satiety.

Sensory-specific satiety was pronounced in the adolescents and diminished in the elderly people and no differences in food intake were found between the 300-g and the ad libitum experiments or among the age groups.

Cultural aspects of meals and meal frequency

  • M. Chiva
  • Sociology
    British Journal of Nutrition
  • 1997
A certain number of cultural elements which interact in the determination of the frequency of food intake are presented, which should allow the collection of reliable data and particularly comparisons between studies, without oversimplifying and distorting cultural specificities.