Reasoning with Moral Conflicts

@article{Horty2003ReasoningWM,
  title={Reasoning with Moral Conflicts},
  author={John F. Horty},
  journal={No{\^u}s},
  year={2003},
  volume={37},
  pages={557-605}
}
  • J. Horty
  • Published 1 December 2003
  • Philosophy
  • Noûs
1I ntroduction Let us say that a normative conflict is a situation in which an agent ought to perform an action A, and also ought to perform an action B, but in which it is impossible for the agent to perform both A and B. Not all normative conflicts are moral conflicts, of course. It may be that the agent ought to perform the action A for reasons of personal generosity, but ought to perform the action B for reasons of prudence: perhaps A involves buying a lavishgift for a friend, wh ile B… 
Tolerating Inconsistencies: A Study of Logic of Moral Conflicts
Moral conflicts are the situations which emerge as a response to deal with conflicting obligations or duties. In general, an agent in a state of moral conflict, ought to act on two or more events
Collective Reasons and Agent-Relativity
Abstract Could it be true that even though we as a group ought to do something, you as an individual ought not to do your part? And under what conditions, in particular, could this happen? In this
4 A Theory of Hedged Moral Principles
Moral theories have explanatory aspirations. They purport not merely to tell us which things are right and wrong, good and bad, and just and unjust, but also to explain why those things have the
Conflicting Judgments and Weakness of Will
This paper shows that our popular account of weakness of will is inconsistent with dilemmas. In dilemmas, agents judge that they ought to do one thing, that they ought to do something else, and that
A Dispositional Account of Conflicts of Obligation
I address a question in moral metaphysics: How are conflicts between moral obligations possible? I begin by explaining why we cannot give a satisfactory answer to this question simply by positing
Can Every Option Be Rationally Impermissible?
TLDR
It is argued against the idea that there can be cases in which, due to no fault of the agent or to any ambiguity regarding how things will go depending on which option is selected, all the options available to an agent are rationally impermissible.
Conflicting reasons, unconflicting ‘ought’s
AbstractOne of the popular albeit controversial ideas in the last century of moral philosophy is that what we ought to do is explained by our reasons. And one of the central features of reasons that
Higher-Order Evidence and the Normativity of Logic
Many theories of rational belief give a special place to logic. They say that an ideally rational agent would never be uncertain about logical facts. In short: they say that ideal rationality
Deliberate Contrary-to-Law Action
TLDR
This paper will use the theory of agents and choices to show that deliberate contrary-to-law action is not a kind of irrational actions, a pragmatic problem which can be interpreted by perspectival act utilitarianism.
Dyadic Obligations over Complex Actions as Deontic Constraints in the Situation Calculus
TLDR
This paper introduces a representation for action aspects and new GOLOG constructs for joint and negated actions, and presents a formalization that includes a wide class of deontic assertions, lets us distinguish prima facie from all-things-considered obligations, and particularly addresses contrary-to-duty scenarios.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 57 REFERENCES
Moral dilemmas and nonmonotonic logic
TLDR
It is shown that nonmonotonic logics provide a natural framework for reasoning about moral dilemmas, perhaps even more useful than the ordinary modal framework, and that the issues surrounding the treatment of exceptional information within these logics run parallel to some of the problems posed by conditional oughts.
Moral Dilemmas, Genuine and Spurious: A Comparative Anatomy
first principle and a set of inexact commonplaces that can be taught to children (or, as Hare sometimes says, to 'proles') then not only did Ross have a case for degrading those commonplaces to the
The nature of morality : an introduction to ethics
Gilbert Harman, Princeton University. D This introductory ethics text opens with an examination of a central problem about ethics-its apparent immunity from observational testing. In an informal yet
Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society
OF the nine articles contained in this volume the most important are, perhaps, Prof. Alexander's essay on “Mental Activity in Willing and Acting,” and Prof. Stout's rejoinder, “Are Presentations
Prima Facie Obligations, Ceteris Paribus Laws in Moral Theory
Morty promises to meet a friend at the station by 3:00. On his way there, he sees a seriously injured child in an alley; and helping the child will make Morty late. Morty ought to help children in
Facing the Future: Agents and Choices in Our Indeterminist World
In this elucidating work, the authors attempt to construct a logical analysis of human actions, focusing on those actions based on choice. Using their examination of "seeing to it that," they
Semantic Analyses for Dyadic Deontic Logic
TLDR
Among the possible worlds marred by the robbing, the best of a bad lot are some of those where the robbing is followed by helping.
Deontic Logic: An Introduction
The word ‘deontic’ is derived from the Greek word ‘δeoυτως’, which may be translated ‘as it should be’ or ‘duly’. Bentham uses ‘deontology’ for “the science of morality”, and Ernst Mally [30] was the
Problems of the self : philosophical papers, 1956-1972
Preface 1. Personal identity and individuation 2. Personal identity and bodily continuity 3. Imagination and the self 4. The self and the future 5. Are persons bodies? 6. The Makropulos case:
Prima facie obligation
This paper presents a nonmonotonic deontic logic based on commonsense entailment. It establishes criteria a successful account of obligation should satisfy, and develops a theory that satisfies them.
...
...