Reasoning about relations.

@article{Goodwin2005ReasoningAR,
  title={Reasoning about relations.},
  author={Geoffrey P. Goodwin and Philip N. Johnson-Laird},
  journal={Psychological review},
  year={2005},
  volume={112 2},
  pages={468-493}
}
Inferences about spatial, temporal, and other relations are ubiquitous. This article presents a novel model-based theory of such reasoning. The theory depends on 5 principles. (a) The structure of mental models is iconic as far as possible. (b) The logical consequences of relations emerge from models constructed from the meanings of the relations and from knowledge. (c) Individuals tend to construct only a single, typical model. (d) They spontaneously develop their own strategies for relational… CONTINUE READING

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