Reasoning about reasoning by nested conditioning: Modeling theory of mind with probabilistic programs

@article{Stuhlmller2014ReasoningAR,
  title={Reasoning about reasoning by nested conditioning: Modeling theory of mind with probabilistic programs},
  author={Andreas Stuhlm{\"u}ller and Noah D. Goodman},
  journal={Cognitive Systems Research},
  year={2014},
  volume={28},
  pages={80-99}
}
A wide range of human reasoning patterns can be explained as conditioning in probabilistic models; however, conditioning has traditionally been viewed as an operation applied to such models, not represented in such models. We describe how probabilistic programs can explicitly represent conditioning as part of a model. This enables us to describe reasoning about others’ reasoning using nested conditioning. Much of human reasoning is about the beliefs, desires, and intentions of other people; we… CONTINUE READING
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