Rearing phonotactic parasitoid flies [Diptera: Tachinidae, ormiini, ormia spp.]

@article{Wineriter2006RearingPP,
  title={Rearing phonotactic parasitoid flies [Diptera: Tachinidae, ormiini, ormia spp.]},
  author={Susan A. Wineriter and Thomas J. Walker},
  journal={Entomophaga},
  year={2006},
  volume={35},
  pages={621-632}
}
Females of ormiine tachinids fly to their hosts' calling songs and deposit larvae on the host or nearby. Two species,Ormia ochracea (Bigot) andO. depleta (Wiedemann), were reared for at least 8 generations, making them the first ormiines to be laboratory-propagated. Both were reared on natural hosts:Gryllus spp. field crickets (principallyG. rubens) forO. ochracea, andScapteriscus spp. mole crickets forO. depleta. Commercially rearedAcheta domesticus tested as hosts were less satisfactory… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Success of the Parasitoid Fly Ormia ochracea (Diptera: Tachinidae) on Natural and Unnatural Cricket Hosts
TLDR
Results indicate that larvae from this population of O. ochracea show highest survival in the natural host and show limited survival in other potential host species. Expand
The response of an insect parasitoid, Ormia ochracea (Tachinidae), to the uncertainty of larval success during infestation
TLDR
Even though the success rate for larvae laid during the second mode of larviposition was low, the possibility of parasitizing more hosts appears to have selected for flies laying more larvae than is optimal if all the larvae successfully entered a single host. Expand
Collection and Laboratory Culture of Ormia ochracea (Diptera: Tachinidae)
TLDR
The results suggest that during field collection, traps should broadcast calls in wooded areas; and that manual parasitization is an effective way of culturing small colonies of O. ochracea in the field and in the laboratory. Expand
HOW DIFFERENT HOST SPECIES INFLUENCE PARASITISM PATTERNS AND LARVAL COMPETITION OF ACOUSTICALLY-ORIENTING PARASITOID FLIES
Sexual signals are often critical for mate attraction and reproduction but their conspicuousness can expose the signallers to parasites and predators. In orthopteran insects males typically produceExpand
Behavioural specialization among populations of the acoustically orienting parasitoid fly Ormia ochracea utilizing different cricket species as hosts
TLDR
Strong behavioural specialization of flies is found, with preferential phonotaxis towards the song of the local host species of cricket, but that specialization does not constrain or preclude the rapid adoption of novel hosts. Expand
Infection behavior, life history, and host parasitism rates of Emblemasoma erro (Diptera: Sarcophagidae), an acoustically hunting parasitoid of the cicada Tibicen dorsatus (Hemiptera: Cicadidae)
TLDR
The investigation of parasitoid loads and parasitism rates of E. erro and T. dorsatus in multiple host populations in the central United States suggests that sarcophagid acoustic parasitoids are more behaviorally and ecologically diverse than previously recognized and in need of further study. Expand
Auditory Sensitivity of an Acoustic Parasitoid (Emblemasoma sp., Sarcophagidae, Diptera) and the Calling Behavior of Potential Hosts
TLDR
Interestingly, although flies could be attracted to T. pruinosa broadcasts throughout the day, hourly censuses of singing males revealed that calling occurred exclusively at dusk. Expand
The tympanal hearing organ of a fly: phylogenetic analysis of its morphological origins
TLDR
A suite of characters that define the ormiine ear are uncovered in the prothorax of Diptera, including a pair of prosternal tympanal membranes, a Pair of chordotonal sensory organs, and modifications of the tracheal system. Expand
Infection behavior of a parasitoid fly, Emblemasoma auditrix, and its host cicada Okanagana rimosa
TLDR
Females of the cicada Okanagana rimosa that produce calling songs are parasitised by the parasitoid fly Emblemasoma auditrix, which restricts the host range to cicadas, only two species of which occur simultaneously with the Parasitoid. Expand
Production of Dipteran Parasitoids
TLDR
Dipteran parasitoids (especially Tachinidae, but also Sarcophagidae, Phoridae, Cryptochaetidae, and Bombyliidae) comprise a number of species of interest for applied biological control and, as a consequence, mass production and are reviewed to bring this group of insects to light. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 39 REFERENCES
The Biology of Euphasiopteryx Brevicornis (Townsend) (Diptera, Tachinidae),Parasitic in the Cone-Headed Grasshoppers (Orthoptera, Copiphorinae)
TLDR
Collection and confinement of a number of parasitized individuals during late summer in 1952 and ’53 eventually led to the successful rearing of three male and two female flies, described as a new subspecies of Euphasiopteryx brevicornis. Expand
TRAPS FOR COLLECTING LIVE EUPHASIOPTERYX-DEPLETA (DIPTERA, TACHINIDAE) AT A SOUND SOURCE
TLDR
Two traps were designed and field tested, consisting of a wire frame, with muslin sides and funnels, which were used to direct flies into the trap, and evaluated by comparison of the numbers of flies caught in each with the numbers caught on sticky traps. Expand
FIELD BEHAVIOR OF EUPHASIOPTERYX-DEPLETA (DIPTERA, TACHINIDAE) - PHONOTACTICALLY ORIENTING PARASITOIDS OF MOLE CRICKETS (ORTHOPTERA, GRYLLOTALPIDAE, SCAPTERISCUS)
TLDR
Observations of the behavior of larvipositing female E. depleta females in the field are reported on, as monitored through observations and captures of these phonotactically ori enting files at broadcast sound sources. Expand
Suitability ofScapteriscus moles crickets [Ort.: Gryllotalpidae] as hosts ofEuphasiopteryx depleta [Dipt.: Tachinidae]
TLDR
Euphasiopteryx depleta (Wied) flies successfully developed in the mole crickets, as well as in the short-tailed cricket, Anurogryllus sp. Expand
Monitoring the Flights of Field Crickets (Gryllus Spp.) and a Tachinid Fly (Euphasiopteryx Ochracea) in North Florida
TLDR
Traps broadcasting synthetic calls sampled flights of Gryllus firmus and G. rubens for 3 years in a pasture near Gainesville, Florida with a major peak in the fall, finding Gravid females of Euphasiopteryx ochracea, a parasitoid of Gryrellus, were attracted to the rubens trap but not to the firmus trap. Expand
Introduction and Spread of Pest Mole Crickets: Scapteriscus vicinus and S. acletus Reexamined
TLDR
Variations in pronotal color patterns suggest that the Charleston and Port Arthur introductions had a different origin than the Brunswick and Mobile introductions, and the homelands of U.S. Scapteriscus spp. Expand
Crepuscular Mating Aggregations in Certain Ormia and Sitophaga
TLDR
The tachinid species Ormia dominicana, Ormia lineifrons, and Sitophaga aurigera were observed to aggregate atop 2 towers in central Florida shortly after sunset and it is presumed that this behavior facilitates mating. Expand
Introduced species of mole crickets in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands (Orthoptera: Gryllotalpidae)
TLDR
Finding the homelands of these species is an important first step in locating potential natural enemies that may ultimately resolve the problems associated with mole crickets. Expand
A Live Trap for Monitoring Euphasiopteryx and Tests with E. Ochracea (Diptera: Tachinidae)
A trap was developed for Euphasiopteryx spp. that caught as many E. ochracea females as a sticky trap but kept them healthy. Traps worked well for more than a year without repair. A trap in a northExpand
Acoustically Orienting Parasitoids: Fly Phonotaxis to Cricket Song
TLDR
Larviparous female tachinid flies are attracted to taped cricket songs and probably influence male reproductive behavior and sexual competition in these acoustically orienting parasitoids. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...