Corpus ID: 17740555

Rear Seat Occupant Protection in Frontal Crashes and Its Feasibility

  title={Rear Seat Occupant Protection in Frontal Crashes and Its Feasibility},
  author={Richard W. Kent and Jason Forman and Daniel P. Parent and Shashi M Kuppa},
As part of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's (NHTSA's) Rear Seat Occupant Protection Research Program, the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) and State Data System (SDS) for Florida, Pennsylvania and Maryland were utilized to estimate relative fatality rates and injury risk ratios between the front and rear seat passengers. In addition, a parametric study of rear-seat restraint parameters was performed to assess chest deflection and head excursion trends for different… Expand
Real World Analysis of Rear Seat Occupant Safety in Frontal Crashes
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s (NHTSA) Vehicle Safety Rulemaking and Research Priority Plan 2009 – 2011 describes the projects the agency plans to work on in the rulemaking andExpand
Epidemiology of injuries sustained by rear-seat passengers in frontal motor vehicle crashes
Abstract Objective Advanced occupant protection systems in motor-vehicles (e.g., seat belts and airbags), while widely adopted for front-seat passengers, are either absent or offer disproportionallyExpand
Optimizing Seat Belt and Airbag Designs for Rear Seat Occupant Protection in Frontal Crashes.
This study highlighted the potential benefit of using advanced seatbelt and airbag systems for rear-seat occupant protection in frontal crashes by optimizing advanced restraint systems for protecting rear seat occupants with a range of body sizes under different frontal crash pulses. Expand
Rear-seat motor vehicle travel in the U.S.: using national data to define a population at risk.
National data is used to quantify rear-seat occupancy patterns, restraint use, and annual travel exposure in the U.S. in order to support the development of advanced crash protection systems for Rear-seat motor vehicle occupants. Expand
Differential Fatality Risk Between Rear and Front Seat Passenger Vehicle Occupants in Frontal Crashes
Popular wisdom has long suggested that rear seated occupants are better protected than front seat occupants in the event of a frontal crash. However, relatively recent studies have begun suggestingExpand
Front versus Rear Seat Injury Risk for Child Passengers: Evaluation of Newer Model Year Vehicles
This analysis, conducted on a set of vehicles with advanced front seat safety systems including second-generation and newer air bags, strongly confirmed the recommendation that all children 0–12 years should be seated in the rear row(s) of their vehicles. Expand
Occupant restraint in the rear seat: ATD responses to standard and pre-tensioning, force-limiting belt restraints.
The results suggest that the FL+PT system studied here may provide injury-reducing benefit to rear seat occupants in moderate to high severity frontal crashes, although more study is needed to evaluate these restraints in other crash scenarios. Expand
Rear Seat Safety in Frontal to Side Impacts - Focusing on Occupants from 3yrs to Small Adults
ABSTRACT This study presents a broad comprehensive research effort that combines expertise from industry and academia and uses various methodologies with applied research directed towardsExpand
Assessment of Vehicle and Restraint Design Changes for Mitigating Rear Seat Occupant Injuries
The results from this study demonstrate the importance of an upright seated posture and the potential benefits of including adjustable upper anchorages to allow good sash belt fit, antisubmarining seat pans, belt buckles positioned near the seat bight, and seat belts with pretensioners and load limiters for rear seat occupants. Expand
A Simulation Study on the Efficacy of Advanced Belt Restraints to Mitigate the Effects of Obesity for Rear-Seat Occupant Protection in Frontal Crashes
The simulation results suggest that optimizing load limiter and adding pretensioner(s) can reduce injury risks associated with obesity, but conflicting effects on head and chest injuries were observed. Expand


Rear seat occupant protection in frontal crashes
Though a significant body of literature exists on the safety performance and effectiveness of various types of front seat occupant restraint systems, there is a paucity of data on the performance ofExpand
Thoracic Injury Risk in Frontal Car Crashes with Occupant Restrained with Belt Load Limiter
In France and in other countries, research shows that the highest proportion of severe injuries and fatalities to restrained occupants occurs in frontal impacts. The oldest occupants involved inExpand
Comparison of Thoracic Injury Risk in Frontal Car Crashes for Occupant Restrained without Belt Load Limiters and Those Restrained with 6 kN and 4 kN Belt Load Limiters.
This paper reports on 347 real-world frontal accidents and compares the thoracic injury risk for two occupant populations: belted occupants involved in accidents in which the vehicle was not equipped with a load limiter (378 cases with pyrotechnic pretensioners), and belted occupant populations involved in incidents where the vehicles were equipped with 4 or 6 kN load limiters and pyrotehnic Pretensioners (347 cases). Expand
Passenger seating position and the risk of passenger death or injury in traffic crashes.
If the associations that are causal, sitting in the rear seat, compared with the front seat, may prevent about 4 in 10 passenger deaths, or 3 in10 passenger deaths and injuries, that might otherwise occur. Expand
Passenger seating position and the risk of passenger death in traffic crashes: a matched cohort study
The results suggest that when front passenger airbags are present and passengers are restrained, putting adults in front and children in back enhances child safety without sacrificing adult safety. Expand
NCAP Test Improvements with Pretensioners and Load Limiters
  • M. Walz
  • Engineering, Medicine
  • Traffic injury prevention
  • 2004
New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) test scores, measured by the United States Department of Transportation's (USDOT) National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), were analyzed in order toExpand
Laboratory Reconstructions of Real World Frontal Crash Configurations using the Hybrid III and THOR Dummies and PMHS.
The test methodology and the results used to evaluate dummy ability to discriminate both restraint types and dummy measurement ability to be representative of thoracic injury risk for all restraint types are presented. Expand
The Effects of Vehicle Seat Belt Parameters on the Injury Risk for Children in Booster Seats
The development of a multi-body model of an appropriate child restraint system proves to be useful for the evaluation of various existing seat belt restraint systems and their effect in the injuryExpand
The 3-point static belts that are installed in Renault and Peugeot vehicles are equipped with a force limiter near the upper anchorage and the levels of tolerance observed in this sample are compared to thoracic injuries observed on belted cadavers exposed to equivalent violent impacts. Expand
The influence of superficial soft tissues and restraint condition on thoracic skeletal injury prediction.
Externally measured chest compression is shown to correspond well with the presence of hard tissue injury, regardless of restraint condition, and rib fracture onset is found to occur at approximately 25% chest compression. Expand