Reality Orientation and Reminiscence Therapy

  title={Reality Orientation and Reminiscence Therapy},
  author={Sheila Baines and Peter Saxby and Karen Ehlert},
  journal={British Journal of Psychiatry},
  pages={222 - 231}
We compared reality orientation with reminiscence therapy for elderly people in a large residential home, using a controlled cross-over design. Both kinds of therapy group were enjoyed by both staff and residents, and enabled staff to get to know moderately and severely confused residents. The group that received reality orientation followed by reminiscence therapy showed improvement in cognitive and behavioural measures which was not found in the other two groups. It may be important to use… 
Promise and problems in reminiscence research.
  • C. Kovach
  • Education
    Journal of gerontological nursing
  • 1990
Researchers have provided some support for benefits of reminiscence in maintaining or improving mood, cognitive functioning, life satisfaction, and self-esteem in the elderly.
The impact of reminiscence groups in two different settings
Reminiscence groups are being increasingly used as a ‘therapeutic’ activity with elderly people suffering from dementia. A report on two separate reminiscence groups carried out in two different day
Group reminiscence intervention for institutionalized demented elders in Taiwan
The reminiscence intervention demonstrated effects for alleviating depressive symptoms and cognitive impairment, however it did not show any effectiveness on increase in behavior competence and physical functioning in elders with dementia.
Reminiscence: exploring the origins, processes, and consequences.
The model proposes that reminiscence is a source of self-referent knowledge, which influences a person's self-worth and views it as a process of acquiring personal existential meaning and as a mechanism for adapting to stress.
Consequences from use of reminiscence - a randomised intervention study in ten Danish nursing homes
The use of reminiscence appeared to have little long-term effect on the nursing home residents and staff, and nursing staff in the Intervention Group experienced greater satisfaction with professional roles and developed a more positive view of the residents.
Reminiscence therapy for dementia.
No firm conclusions could be reached regarding the effectiveness of RT for dementia, and the urgent need for more systematic research in the area was highlighted.
Application of reminiscence therapy for dementia in practice
The use of RT is examined to improve the mood of an older adult with dementia by a third-year mental health student while on clinical practice placement.
Reminiscing, Poetry Writing, and Remembering Boxes
Abstract This article describes a method of facilitated communication for extending the well-known benefits of reminiscence by recording the words of nursing home residents and creating a concrete
An Implementation Study of Reminiscence in Dementia Care
A group reminiscence intervention led by professional caregivers for persons with dementia residing in a long-term care (LTC) facility and their family members showed that it was not only possible but also beneficial to residents with dementia.
The impact of individual reminiscence therapy for people with dementia: systematic review
The use of life story books and multimedia alternatives, with or without an associated life review process, does appear to be worth pursuing from both clinical and research perspectives.


Reality Orientation and Dementia: A Controlled Trial of Two Approaches
Highly significant behavioural change was demonstrated for ward behaviour orientation training and this technique is not only cheaper but has potential in managing dements.
Reality Orientation, a Therapy for Psychogeriatric Patients: a Controlled Study
‘reality orientation’ for elderly patients diagnosed as suffering from dementia is shown to be effective only where therapists actively participate, and exposure to change in a more stimulating environment than their own wards is not enough to produce sustained improvement.
Evaluation of a yearlong reality orientation program.
Compared with controls, the subsample attending RO classes showed slight, statistically significant improvement on the MSQ after 6 months, which suggests that advanced age, severity of disorientation and disability limit the effectiveness of RO.
Reality Orientation: A Critical Appraisal
Reality orientation should be seen as the starting point for the development of more effective intervention techniques for use with this client population and not as an end in itself.
Reality orientation therapy: a study investigating the value of this therapy in the rehabilitation of elderly people.
The Leeds Technique for Therapy with the Aged is described and evaluated to evaluate the therapy itself, and to examine it as a possible extra incentive for nurses working with the aged.
Successful Aging and the Role of the Life Review
ABSTRACT: The negative view of old age with its outworn stereotypes (particularly “senility”) must be changed if the elderly are to have more opportunities for successful aging. It is time for a more
Self-Report Measures of Mood and Morale in Elderly Depressives
There was a significant relationship between "overt' depressive behaviour on the ward and self-reporting of greater depressive symptoms, and lower "life-satisfaction' within the depressive group.
Successful Aging and the Role of the Life Review *
  • R. Butler
  • Medicine
    Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
  • 1974
ABSTRACT: The negative view of old age with its outworn stereotypes (particularly “senility”) must be changed if the elderly are to have more opportunities for successful aging. It is time for a more
The management of dementia: a review of some possibilities.
  • E. Miller
  • Psychology
    The British journal of social and clinical psychology
  • 1977
Evidence relating to the effects of therapeutic intervention on the behaviour of elderly demented patients is reviewed and strong evidence that improvements in functioning can be achieved by social and behavioural manipulations although maintaining such gains may be more difficult.