Realistic Visual Speech Synthesis Based on Hybrid Concatenation Method

@article{Tao2009RealisticVS,
  title={Realistic Visual Speech Synthesis Based on Hybrid Concatenation Method},
  author={Jianhua Tao and Le Xin and Panrong Yin},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing},
  year={2009},
  volume={17},
  pages={469-477}
}
This paper presents a realistic visual speech synthesis based on the hybrid concatenation method. Unlike previous methods based on phoneme level unit selection or hidden Markov model (HMM), etc., the hybrid concatenation method uses a frame level-based unit selection method combined with a fused HMM, and is able to generate more expressive and stable facial animations. The fused HMM can be used to explicitly model the loose synchronization of tightly coupled streams, with much better results… CONTINUE READING
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