Real-time ultrasonic observation of combined spinal-epidural anaesthesia.

  title={Real-time ultrasonic observation of combined spinal-epidural anaesthesia.},
  author={Thomas Grau and Rudiger Wolfgang Leipold and Stefanie Fatehi and Eike O. Martin and Johann Motsch},
  journal={European journal of anaesthesiology},
  volume={21 1},
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The quality of combined spinal-epidural anaesthesia mainly depends on accurate identification of the epidural space. The real-time ultrasound control of the procedure for puncture was therefore evaluated. METHODS Thirty parturients scheduled for Caesarean section were randomized to three equal groups. Ten control patients received conventional combined spinal-epidural anaesthesia. Ten of the remaining patients received ultrasonic scans by an offline scan technique… CONTINUE READING