Real-time nonintrusive monitoring and prediction of driver fatigue

@article{Ji2004RealtimeNM,
  title={Real-time nonintrusive monitoring and prediction of driver fatigue},
  author={Qiang Ji and Zhiwei Zhu and Peilin Lan},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology},
  year={2004},
  volume={53},
  pages={1052-1068}
}
This paper describes a real-time online prototype driver-fatigue monitor. It uses remotely located charge-coupled-device cameras equipped with active infrared illuminators to acquire video images of the driver. Various visual cues that typically characterize the level of alertness of a person are extracted in real time and systematically combined to infer the fatigue level of the driver. The visual cues employed characterize eyelid movement, gaze movement, head movement, and facial expression… CONTINUE READING
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