Real-time monitoring through the use of technology to enhance performances throughout HIV cascades

  title={Real-time monitoring through the use of technology to enhance performances throughout HIV cascades},
  author={Matthew Avery and Stephen Mills and Eric Stephan},
  journal={Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS},
Purpose of review Controlling the HIV epidemic requires strong linkages across a ‘cascade’ of prevention, testing, and treatment services. Information and communications technology (ICT) offers the potential to monitor and improve the performance of this HIV cascade in real time. We assessed recent (<18 months) peer-reviewed publications regarding uses of ICT to improve performance through expanded and targeted reach, improved clinical service delivery, and reduced loss to follow-up. Recent… 
3 Citations

Acceptability of short text messages to support treatment adherence among adolescents living with HIV in a rural and urban clinic in KwaZulu-Natal

With high rates of MOD ownership and acceptability (willingness to use mHealth to improve health status), SMS-based mHealth interventions have the potential to improve adherence and viral suppression in adolescents living with HIV in both rural and urban KZN.

Diagnostic Applications for RNA-Seq Technology and Transcriptome Analyses in Human Diseases Caused by RNA Viruses

This chapter intends to recapitulate the current knowledge of HIV and SARS-CoV-2 transcriptome architecture, pathogenicity, and some features of the host immune response, as well as providing an overview of recent advances in diagnostic sequencing methodologies and discusses the future challenges and prospects on the utilization of RNA-Seq technologies.

Reaching key adolescent populations

There has been limited success in reaching these key adolescent populations largely because of criminalization and stigma, and accurate, generalizable data are needed to inform the development of innovative strategies for holistic care.



Development, use, and integration of a nationally-distributed HIV/AIDS electronic health information system

  • J. Milberg
  • Medicine
    J. Am. Medical Informatics Assoc.
  • 2016
The development of the application, the agencies that use it, how it is used, and overall satisfaction are described, as well as the role of CAREWare in the larger health information technology landscape affecting HIV primary care providers.

Strengthening HIV surveillance: measurements to track the epidemic in real time

Recent developments and challenges facing HIV surveillance are brought together, together with the application of newer assays and methods to fast-track the HIV prevention and treatment response.

Provider perceptions of the value of same-day, electronic patient-reported measures for use in clinical HIV care

Providers value same-day, electronic patient-reported measures for use in clinical HIV care with the condition that PROs are tailored to be the most clinically relevant to their population; well integrated into clinic flow; and easy to interpret, highlighting chief patient concerns and changes over time.

Mobile technology intervention to improve care coordination between HIV and substance use treatment providers: development, training, and evaluation protocol

It is hypothesized that HIV and SUD treatment providers will find the CCI to be acceptable, and that after receipt of theCCI, providers will exhibit higher retention in dual care among patients, report increased frequency and quality of communication, and report increased rates of relational coordination.

Unintended adverse consequences of electronic health record introduction to a mature universal HIV screening program

The rate of HIV screening in the ED decreased after EHR implementation, and could have been improved with more thoughtful inclusion of existing human processes in its design.

Using mHealth for HIV/TB Treatment Support in Lesotho: Enhancing Patient–Provider Communication in the START Study

The mHealth intervention for HIV/tuberculosis treatment support in Lesotho was found to be a low-tech, user-friendly intervention, which was acceptable to patients and health care providers.

A Review of HIV Prevention Studies that Use Social Networking Sites: Implications for Recruitment, Health Promotion Campaigns, and Efficacy Trials

SNS were instrumental in recruiting hard-to-reach populations within a short amount of time; were able to reach wide audiences beyond the targeted population for HIV prevention campaigns; and helped to significantly reduce sexual risk behaviors and increase HIV testing.

Developing a point-of-care electronic medical record system for TB/HIV co-infected patients: experiences from Lighthouse Trust, Lilongwe, Malawi

The systematic, iterative process that implementation partners, Lighthouse clinic and Baobab Health Trust, employed to develop and implement a point-of-care electronic medical records system in an integrated, public clinic in Malawi that serves HIV-infected and tuberculosis (TB) patients is detailed.

Use of mobile phones and text messaging to decrease the turnaround time for early infant HIV diagnosis and notification in rural Zambia: an observational study

Mobile phone and text messaging technology has the potential to improve early infant diagnosis but challenges to widespread implementation need to be addressed, including low mobile phone ownership, use and coverage in rural areas.

Sustainability of health information systems: a three-country qualitative study in southern Africa

The sustainability of EHIS faces many challenges, which could be addressed through systems’ technical design, stakeholder coordination, and the building of organizational capacity to maintain and enhance such systems, which requires time and attention, but is likely to enhance long-term outcomes.