Reading acquisition, developmental dyslexia, and skilled reading across languages: a psycholinguistic grain size theory.

  title={Reading acquisition, developmental dyslexia, and skilled reading across languages: a psycholinguistic grain size theory.},
  author={Johannes C. Ziegler and Usha Goswami},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  volume={131 1},
The development of reading depends on phonological awareness across all languages so far studied. Languages vary in the consistency with which phonology is represented in orthography. This results in developmental differences in the grain size of lexical representations and accompanying differences in developmental reading strategies and the manifestation of dyslexia across orthographies. Differences in lexical representations and reading across languages leave developmental "footprints" in the… 

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