Reactive metabolites from the bioactivation of toxic methylfurans.

@article{Ravindranath1984ReactiveMF,
  title={Reactive metabolites from the bioactivation of toxic methylfurans.},
  author={Vijayalakshmi Ravindranath and Leo T. Burka and Michael R. Boyd},
  journal={Science},
  year={1984},
  volume={224 4651},
  pages={
          884-6
        }
}
An important mechanism of toxicity of furans involves the cytochrome P-450 monooxygenase-catalyzed bioactivation of the compound in situ directly within the target tissues to highly reactive electrophilic products. The unsaturated aldehydes acetylacrolein and methylbutenedial have been identified as the principal reactive intermediates of 2- and 3-methylfuran, respectively, that are produced and bound covalently to tissue macromolecules in hepatic and pulmonary microsomal systems in vitro. 
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