Reactions of bowhead whales, Balaena mysticetus, to seismic exploration in the Canadian Beaufort Sea.

@article{Richardson1986ReactionsOB,
  title={Reactions of bowhead whales, Balaena mysticetus, to seismic exploration in the Canadian Beaufort Sea.},
  author={William J. Richardson and Bernd W{\"u}rsig and Charles R. Greene},
  journal={The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America},
  year={1986},
  volume={79 4},
  pages={
          1117-28
        }
}
The behavioral reactions of bowhead whales to distant seismic vessels not under our control, a controlled approach by a seismic vessel, and controlled tests with a single airgun were observed. On 21 occasions in the summers of 1980-84, general activities of bowheads exposed to pulses of underwater noise (107-158 dB re: 1 mu Pa) from seismic vessels 6-99 km away were observed. Activities were indistinguishable from those without seismic noise; there was no detectable avoidance. Hints of subtle… 

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