Natural autoxidation of longifolene and anti-termite activities of the products
Direct episulfidations of caryophyllene or humulene with elemental sulfur were examined by means of gas chromatography. Caryophyllene-6,7-episulfide was formed at an early stage in a reaction of the caryophyllene and elemental sulfur at 120 degrees C. Caryophyllene-3,6-sulfide and polymer compounds were formed after the episulfidation. Formations of the these compounds were related to the disappearance of the caryophyllene-6,7-episulfide. Isomerization from the caryophyllene to isocaryophyllene was also observed during the reaction. In the reaction of humulene with elemental sulfur, humulene-6,7-episulfide was initially produced and then converted to humulene-9,10-episulfide. It was assumed that the polymer compound in the reaction of humulene with sulfur was related to the disappearance of the both humulene episulfides.