Re-evaluating the distinction between Axis I and Axis II disorders: the case of borderline personality disorder.

@article{Ruocco2005ReevaluatingTD,
  title={Re-evaluating the distinction between Axis I and Axis II disorders: the case of borderline personality disorder.},
  author={Anthony C. Ruocco},
  journal={Journal of clinical psychology},
  year={2005},
  volume={61 12},
  pages={1509-23}
}
The division between Axis I clinical syndromes and Axis II personality disorders is a long-standing distinction based primarily on three guiding principles: phenomenology, cause, and course. Clinical syndromes were generally thought to be characterized by transient symptoms with biological causes and an unstable course; personality disorders were supposed by many to be characterized by long-standing personality traits, whose roots were primarily psychological, and a stable and unremitting… CONTINUE READING