Re-emerging Plasmodium vivax malaria in the Republic of Korea.

@article{Chai1999ReemergingPV,
  title={Re-emerging Plasmodium vivax malaria in the Republic of Korea.},
  author={Jong Yil Chai},
  journal={The Korean journal of parasitology},
  year={1999},
  volume={37 3},
  pages={
          129-43
        }
}
  • J. Chai
  • Published 1999
  • Medicine, Geography
  • The Korean journal of parasitology
Plasmodium vivax malaria, which was highly prevalent in the Republic of Korea, disappeared rapidly since 1970s. However, malaria re-emerged with the first occurrence of a patient in 1993 near the demilitarized zone (DMZ), the border between South Korea and North Korea. Thereafter, the number of cases increased exponentially year after year, totaling 6,142 cases (6,249 if United States Army personnels were included) by the end of 1998. Interestingly enough, the majority of cases (3,743; 61%) was… Expand
Status of Plasmodium vivax malaria in the Republic of Korea during 2001-2003.
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Mosquito control activities by the North Korean and South Korean governments, chemoprophylaxis of Republic of Korea Army personnel, and the low level of Anopheles mosquitoes in 2001 may have been factors responsible for the decreasing number of malaria cases. Expand
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  • Medicine
  • Infection & chemotherapy
  • 2020
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Mass chemoprophylaxis combined with mosquito control activities greatly contributed to the decline of malaria situation among Korean military soldiers and the number of annual malaria cases has been decreasing slowly in Korea. Expand
Vivax malaria: a continuing health threat to the Republic of Korea.
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Extensive intervention is warranted to reduce the spread of vivax malaria in the Republic of Korea and chemoprophylaxis administered to military personnel may have been responsible for the decreasing number of cases. Expand
DOMESTIC OUTBREAK AND ENDEMIC OF MALARIA
Vivax malaria which had been highly prevalent in Korea disappeared rapidly from the 1960s to 1984 when domestic occurrence of cases stopped. However, malaria reemerged in 1993 near the demilitarizedExpand
Unstable vivax malaria in Korea.
  • H. Ree
  • Geography, Medicine
  • The Korean journal of parasitology
  • 2000
TLDR
Historical data show that vivax malaria in Korea is a typical unstable malaria, and passive case detection is a most feasible and recommendable control measure against the unstable vivAX malaria in Korean in cost-effect point of view. Expand
Malaria in the Republic of Korea, 1993-2007. Variables related to re-emergence and persistence of Plasmodium vivax among Korean populations and U.S. forces in Korea.
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It is shown that nearly all malaria south of Gyeonggi and Gangwon Provinces is the result of veterans exposed in malaria high-risk areas along the DMZ and returning to their hometowns where they later develop malaria. Expand
Plasmodium vivax malaria among U.S. forces Korea in the Republic of Korea, 1993-2007.
TLDR
The requirement for a comprehensive malaria education program, especially for those soldiers residing or training in malaria high-risk areas, to inform soldiers and providers of the risk of developing malaria after leaving Korea is illustrated. Expand
Epidemiological Characteristics of Re-emerging Vivax Malaria in the Republic of Korea (1993–2017)
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This review highlights temporal changes in the genetic make-up of the parasitic population, patient demographic features, and spatial distribution of cases, which all provide insight into the factors contributing to local transmission. Expand
Reemergence, Persistence, and Surveillance of Vivax Malaria and Its Vectors in the Republic of Korea
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The number of vivax malaria cases in the US military doesn't warrant the widespread use of chemoprophylaxis, but instead, warrants an increased emphasis on preventive medicine measures (including permethrin impregnated uniforms and approved repellents), which is especially important since the Korean military experienced a large number of chemobiology breakthroughs during 2007, indicating a potential for drug resistance. Expand
Plasmodium vivax PCR genotyping of the first malaria case imported from South Korea into Japan
TLDR
Genotyping of the circumsporozoite protein gene, the apical membrane antigen-1 gene, and the merozoite surface protein- 1 gene of Plasmodium vivax in one patient and estimated the geographical origin of the parasites showed that the DNA sequences of the patient’s P.vivax parasites were similar to those of the North Korean isolate. Expand
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