Re-emergence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection after mass antibiotic treatment of a trachoma-endemic Gambian community: a longitudinal study.

@article{Burton2005ReemergenceOC,
  title={Re-emergence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection after mass antibiotic treatment of a trachoma-endemic Gambian community: a longitudinal study.},
  author={Matthew J Burton and Martin J Holland and Pateh Makalo and Esther A. N. Aryee and Neal D. E. Alexander and Ansumana R.M. Sillah and Hannah Faal and Sheila K West and Allen Foster and Gordon J. Johnson and David C. W. Mabey and Robin L. Bailey},
  journal={Lancet},
  year={2005},
  volume={365 9467},
  pages={1321-8}
}
BACKGROUND Community-wide mass antibiotic treatment is a central component of trachoma control. The optimum frequency and duration of treatment are unknown. We measured the effect of mass treatment on the conjunctival burden of Chlamydia trachomatis in a Gambian community with low to medium trachoma prevalence and investigated the rate, route, and determinants of re-emergent infection. METHODS 14 trachoma-endemic villages in rural Gambia were examined and conjunctival swabs obtained at… CONTINUE READING

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