Re-description and assessment of the taxonomic status of Saguinus fuscicollis cruzlimai Hershkovitz, 1966 (Primates, Callitrichinae)

  title={Re-description and assessment of the taxonomic status of Saguinus fuscicollis cruzlimai Hershkovitz, 1966 (Primates, Callitrichinae)},
  author={Ricardo Sampaio and F{\'a}bio R{\"o}he and Gabriela M. Pinho and Jos{\'e} Sousa e Silva-J{\'u}nior and Izeni Pires Farias and Anthony B. Rylands},
Cruz Lima’s saddle-back tamarin Saguinus fuscicollis cruzlimai Hershkovitz, 1966, was described from a painting by Eládio da Cruz Lima in his book Mammals of Amazonia,Vol. 1, Primates (1945). The painting was of four saddle-back tamarins from the upper Rio Purus, one of them distinct and the inspiration for Hershkovitz to describe it as a new subspecies. Its exact provenance was unknown, however, and the specimen was lost. Surveys in the Purus National Forest in 2011 resulted in sightings of… 
Taxonomic review of the New World tamarins (Primates: Callitrichidae)
It is argued that the nigricollis group be recognized as a distinct genus, taking into account the Late Miocene divergence time between the large- and small-bodied tamarin lineages.
Diversity of primates and other mammals in the middle Purus basin in the Brazilian Amazon
Abstract Information on the wildlife of the middle and upper reaches of the Purus in Brazil is scarce, and this region is one of the major remaining gaps in our understanding of the distributions and
Nonvolant Mammal Megadiversity and Conservation Issues in a Threatened Central Amazonian Hotspot in Brazil
Amazonia National Park is located in southwestern Pará State in central Amazonia. The 10,707 km2 park is one of the largest protected areas in Brazil and is covered with pristine forests, but the
Neotropical primate evolution and phylogenetic reconstruction using chromosomal data
Molecular cytogenetic data regarding the principal nodes of the Neotropical monkey tree have been reviewed, permitting us to discuss highly derived karyotypes characterized by a wide range of diploid numbers of chromosomes and variable chromosomal evolution with different rearrangement and polymorphism rates.
Erratum to: Defining Genera of New World Monkeys: The Need for a Critical View in a Necessarily Arbitrary Task
  • G. Garbino
  • Geography
    International Journal of Primatology
  • 2015
The genus is one of the most important taxonomic categories because it appears in the two-part species name, is easier to identify than the species, and is very commonly the least inclusive category
Defining Genera of New World Monkeys: The Need for a Critical View in a Necessarily Arbitrary Task
  • G. Garbino
  • Biology
    International Journal of Primatology
  • 2015
It is proposed that the genus-level changes in platyrrhine taxonomy are reviewed and a “focused monophyly” approach for defining genera that overlays a wide variety of morphological, behavioral, and ecological characteristics on the molecular phylogeny to produce a classification is adopted.
Notes on the western black-handed tamarin, Saguinus niger (É. Geoffroy, 1803) (PRIMATES) from an amazonia-cerrado ecotone in central-western Brazil: new data on its southern limits
The western black tamarin, Saguinus niger, is an endemic Brazilian primate currently classified as Vulnerable by the Brazilian environmental authorities. In ...
What is an ‘extant’ type specimen? Problems arising from naming mammalian species‐group taxa without preserved types
It is found that the Code's waiver of the requirement that a type specimen be deposited in a collection if the specimen is no longer extant presents numerous problems—in particular, that a living-at-large type specimen can still be ‘extant’ even if its whereabouts are unknown at certain times and/or it may no longer be alive.
Effect of gluten diet on blood innate immune gene expressions and stool consistency in Spix’s Saddleback Tamarin (Leontocebus fuscicollis) raised in captivity
The aim of this research was to estimate the blood β-defensin and Toll like receptor 5 (TLR5) gene expressions and to analyze the stool consistency in Leontocebus fuscicollis raised in captivity.


A New Subspecies of Saguinus fuscicollis (Primates, Callitrichidae)
A previously undescribed subspecies of Saguinus fuscicollis from the interfluvium of the lower rios Madeira and Purus in the central Amazon of Brazil is reported, a distinct form with a very pronounced mottling on the back giving the appearance of a saddle, a characteristic shared by the 3 species and the reason for their collective common name.
The range of the golden-mantle tamarin, Saguinus tripartitus (Milne Edwards, 1878): distributions and sympatry of four tamarin species in Colombia, Ecuador, and northern Peru
Despite the existence of a number of specimens with collecting localities that indicate overlap in their geographic ranges, the fact that the four tamarin species are of similar size and undoubtedly very similar in their feeding habits militates strongly against the occurrence of sympatry among them.
Mitochondrial phylogeny of tamarins (Saguinus, Hoffmannsegg 1807) with taxonomic and biogeographic implications for the S. nigricollis species group.
The genetic data do not support a separate status for melanoleucus and graellsi, but due to differences in fur coloration, the species group most likely originated in western Amazonia and diversified during the decline of the Acre wetland and the formation of the Amazonian river system.
The Diversity of the New World Primates (Platyrrhini): An Annotated Taxonomy
The legacy of Hershkovitz is the cause of there currently being more species and subspecies of primates in the New World than in Africa or Asia, providing as he did the capacity to compare findings with what is known, both in terms of the physiognomy of the primates under scrutiny and their supposed distributions.
Biogeography of the marmosets and tamarins (Callitrichidae).
A time-calibrated multi-locus phylogeny from GenBank data and the callitrichid literature for 38 taxa is constructed and shows support for a 9 million year old split between a small-bodied group and large- bodied group of tamarins.
Living New World monkeys (Platyrrhini) : with an introduction to Primates
This long-awaited work gives a detailed account of the origin, evolution, dispersal, and behavior of platyrrhines and a systematic arrangement of all known forms, living and extinct, of New World monkeys.
Molecular phylogeny of the genus Saguinus (Platyrrhini, Primates) based on the ND1 mitochondrial gene and implications for conservation
The results of this study suggest that there is at least one Saguinus subspecies that has not yet been described and that the conservation status of Saguinian species and subspecies should be carefully revised using modern molecular approaches.
Phylogenetic relationships of the callitrichinae (Platyrrhini, Primates) based on β2‐microglobulin DNA sequences
Tamarins are more plesiomorphic than marmosets in agreement with the phyletic dwarfism hypothesis, and the inclusion of Cebuella in the genus Callithrix is suggested.
Historical biogeography of tamarins, genus Saguinus: the molecular phylogenetic evidence.
The molecular data suggest that tamarins dispersed across South America in two major waves from an origin somewhere south of the Amazon, and suggest different dispersal routes for this group of New World monkeys.
Subspecific morphological variation in the saddle‐back tamarin (Saguinus fuscicollis)
The level and pattern of facial morphological variation among the subspecific populations of Saguinus fuscicollis is examined to evaluate their taxonomic status.