Re-assessing the European lithium resource potential – A review of hard-rock resources and metallogeny

  title={Re-assessing the European lithium resource potential – A review of hard-rock resources and metallogeny},
  author={Blandine Gourcerol and Eric Gloaguen and J{\'e}r{\'e}mie Melleton and Johann Tuduri and Xavier Gali{\`e}gue},
  journal={Ore Geology Reviews},
Abstract Lithium, which is an excellent conductor of heat and electricity, became a strategic metal in the past decade due to its widespread use in electromobility and green technologies. The resulting significant increase in demand has revived European interest in lithium mining, leading several countries to assess their own resources/reserves in order to secure their supplies. In this context, we present for the first time a geographically-based and geological compilation of European lithium… Expand
16 Citations

Figures and Tables from this paper

Occurrences of energy critical elements; Lithium – Cobalt and Graphite in Europe, a preliminary overview.
There are, based on extracts from the national mineral resource databases of the EuroGeoSurvey members, 1195 occurrences of Li, Co and graphite in Europe, 17of these are active mines This compilationExpand
Processing of lithium ores: Industrial technologies and case studies – A review
Abstract Recently, there has been a steady increase in demand for lithium (Li) and its compounds, accounting for 10% over the past decade. The level of production and industrial use of lithiumExpand
Classification and Characteristics of Natural Lithium Resources
There are three broad types of economic lithium deposit: 1) peralkaline and peraluminous pegmatite deposits and their associated metasomatic rocks; 2) Li-rich hectorite clays derived from volcanicExpand
Towards sustainable extraction of technology materials through integrated approaches
The transition to a low-carbon economy will be material-intensive. Production of these materials (from mining to manufacturing) incurs environmental costs that vary widely, depending on the geology,Expand
Geochemical exploration for lithium in NE Iran using the geochemical mapping prospectivity index, staged factor analysis, and a fractal model
Geochemical exploration for rare metals, specifically lithium, is essential on a regional scale based on their demand and consumption in recent years. The main objective of this study was toExpand
Relative Abundance and Compositional Variation of Silicates, Oxides and Phosphates in the W-Sn-Rich Lodes of the Panasqueira Mine (Portugal): Implications for the Ore-Forming Process
Panasqueira is a world-class W-Sn-Cu lode-type deposit located in Portugal. It consists of a dense swarm of subhorizontal quartz lodes criss-crossed by several ENE–WSW and N–S fault zones, borderingExpand
Magmatic-hydrothermal evolution of rare metal pegmatites from the Mesoproterozoic Orange River pegmatite belt (Namaqualand, South Africa)
Abstract The 450 km long Orange River pegmatite belt intruded the Namaqua Sector of the Mesoproterozoic Namaqua-Natal Province, Southern Africa, at ca. 1 Ga. The western part of the belt isExpand
Lithium isotope behavior during magmatic differentiation and fluid exsolution in the Jiajika granite–pegmatite deposit, Sichuan, China
Abstract The Jiajika lithium (Li) deposit in Sichuan Province is the largest pegmatite-type Li deposit in China. The petrogenesis and metallogenesis of the Jiajika granitic pegmatites remainExpand
The toxicity of lithium to human cardiomyocytes
Background Lithium is widely used in the electronic consumer market and electric vehicles and has a great contribution to the world economy, resulting in large quantities of lithium waste in theExpand
Application of modified wavelet and fractal modeling for detection of geochemical anomaly
Abstract Aim of this research is to propose a wavelet-fractal model for detection of geochemical anomaly based on a modified Morlet Wavelet Kernel (MMWK). This study was carried out for detection ofExpand


Global Lithium Resources and Sustainability Issues
Abstract This chapter provides data and information on the factors underpinning the current lithium demand/supply balance and its long-term evolution from a sustainable development perspective. ManyExpand
Global lithium resources: Relative importance of pegmatite, brine and other deposits
Abstract Previous studies of the availability of lithium for use in batteries to power electric vehicles (EVs) have reached the generally encouraging conclusion that resources are sufficient to meetExpand
The evaluation of brine prospects and the requirement for modifications to filing standards
The recent increase in demand for lithium has led to the development of new brine prospects, particularly in the Central Andes. The brines are hosted in closed basin aquifers of two types: mature,Expand
The chemistry of hydrothermal tin(-tungsten) ore deposition
A qualitative model for the formation of granite-related mesothermal cassiterite(-wolframite) deposits is derived from a review of geologic evidence and is then tested quantitatively with chemicalExpand
Using the cumulative availability curve to assess the threat of mineral depletion: The case of lithium
The cumulative availability curve shows the quantities of a mineral commodity that can be recovered under current conditions from existing resources at various prices. The future availability of aExpand
U-Pb dating of columbites: A geochronologic tool to date magmatism and ore deposits
We have developed techniques for the U-Pb analysis of the mineral columbite [(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6], and report U-Pb ages obtained for three early Proterozoic columbites from the Baltic Shield ofExpand
Tracing the fate of lithium--The development of a material flow model
a b s t r a c t Developments in electric mobility are strongly focussed on lithium-ion batteries entailing a rising interest in lithium by science, industry, and politics. As several studies forecastExpand
Availability of lithium in the context of future D-T fusion reactors
A future fusion reactor will use deuterium and tritium as fuel. The former is found in abundance in seawater, while the latter is not available naturally due to its short lifetime. PresentExpand
Geomorphic, hydroclimatic and hydrothermal controls on the formation of lithium brine deposits in the Qaidam Basin, northern Tibetan Plateau, China
Abstract Qaidam Basin is a hyperarid inland basin with an area of 121 × 10 3  km 2 located on the northern Tibetan Plateau. Today, one fourth of the basin is covered by playas and hypersaline lakes.Expand
The genesis of LCT-type granitic pegmatites, as illustrated by lithium isotopes in micas
Abstract Isotopic compositions in the Monts d'Ambazac Pegmatite Field (French Massif Central) exhibit a narrow range of mica δ7Li values, ranging from − 3.6 to + 3.4‰. The value obtained in biotiteExpand