Re-Examining the Research School: August Wilhelm Hofmann and the Re-Creation of a Liebigian Research School in London

  title={Re-Examining the Research School: August Wilhelm Hofmann and the Re-Creation of a Liebigian Research School in London},
  author={Catherine M. Jackson},
  journal={History of Science},
  pages={281 - 319}
  • C. Jackson
  • Published 1 September 2006
  • Education
  • History of Science
This paper has a number of inter-related goals concerning research school methodology, nineteenth-century chemistry, and the means by which knowledge is transferred from one location to another. I begin with a short discussion of Jack Morrell’s research school concept, and how this has been extended by more recent work. I then discuss Justus Liebig’s school in Giessen, highlighting those aspects of that research school that remain controversial and showing how more recent historical work on… 

Visible work: the role of students in the creation of Liebig's Giessen research school

  • C. Jackson
  • History
    Notes and Records of the Royal Society
  • 2008
This paper argues that these young chemists were essential to Liebig's early success, fulfilling his need for experimental work and producing the apparently independent publications which established the credibility of his new method of organic analysis.

From Similarity to Homomorphism: Toward a Pragmatic Account of Representation in Art and Science, 1880-1914

The years 1880-1914 were a time of intense experimentation in the visual arts. Representative conventions became variable, and artists deliberately departed from a concept of depiction considered as

Johann Peter Griess FRS (1829–88): Victorian brewer and synthetic dye chemist

  • E. YatesA. Yates
  • Chemistry
    Notes and Records: the Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
  • 2015
Although his work for the brewery remained largely proprietary, Griess's discoveries in dye chemistry were exploited by the German dye industry, which quickly outpaced its British counterpart.

The West Riding Lunatic Asylum and the making of the modern brain sciences in the nineteenth century

The thesis reconstructs the working practices of the asylum, explaining the intellectual and institutional background to its activities and describing its legacy in the field of medical science, and contended that the disciplinary split which occurred between neurology and psychiatry in the late nineteenth century was a legacy of the Asylum.

Emil Fischer and the “art of chemical experimentation”

  • C. Jackson
  • Chemistry
    History of science; an annual review of literature, research and teaching
  • 2017
Examining what chemists themselves termed the “art of chemical experimentation” reveals chemical practice as inseparable from its cognitive component, and it explains how chemists integrated theory with experiment through reason.

Chemical Identity Crisis: Glass and Glassblowing in the Identification of Organic Compounds

Melting and boiling points as characteristic values emerge from this study as products of laboratory standardization, developed by chemists in their struggle to classify, understand and control organic nature.

From Topos to Oikos: The Standardization of Glass Containers as Epistemic Boundaries in Modern Laboratory Research (1850–1900)

This argument will focus on the history of the material standardization of laboratory glassware, followed by the rise of a new awareness for measurement errors due to the chemical agency of experimental glass vessels, and the emergence of a whole techno-scientific infrastructure for the improvement of glass container quality in late nineteenth-century Germany.



The Establishment of the Royal College of Chemistry: An Investigation of the Social Context of Early-Victorian Chemistry

The Royal College of Chemistry opened in London in October 1845. During its first eight years when it relied exclusively on private support and consequently labored under severe financial

The chemist breeders: the research schools of Liebig and Thomas Thomson.

During the nineteenth century the activity known as science became professionalized, with the development of laboratory-based methods of teaching and the associated growth of research schools, some of which were institutionally financed.

The essential tension

Borrowing my title from Kuhn (1977) I intend to refer by it to that age-old tension which subsists between actual and ideal science. That is to say my theme is that well known fact that what

The Complementarity of Teaching and Research in Liebig's Laboratory

The chemistry laboratory at Giessen was auspicious in fulfilling both of these functions: it became a highly productive research center, and it trained many chemists, some of whom became outstanding research chemists of the following generations.

The Hofmann Memorial Lecture

  • Education
  • 1936
THIS lecture, in memory of A. W. von Hofmann, was delivered by Prof. G. T. Morgan, director of the Chemical Research Laboratory, Teddington, at the Imperial College of Science and Technology on May


It is now a commonplace to note the influence of rules, habits, norms, conventions and values on economic practices and institutions and to note how these vary across different societies. Economic

The Quiet Revolution: Hermann Kolbe and the Science of Organic Chemistry

Organic chemist Hermann Kolbe (1818-1884) is the subject of this vigorously contextualized biography, which combines the approaches of cognitive and social history of science. Kolbe was one of the

Science in action : How to follow scientists and engineers through society

Acknowledgements Introduction Opening Pandora's Black Box PART I FROM WEARER TO STRONGER RHETORIC Chapter I Literature Part A: Controversies Part B: When controversies flare up the literature becomes

Essays and Addresses

MR. HENRY H. BROWN, who edits this volume, explains in the preface that this selection of essays and addresses has been published because of the many requests for copies of particular papers by the