Re-Evaluating the Role of “National” Identities in the American Catholic Church at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: The Case of Les Petites Franciscaines De Marie (PFM)

  title={Re-Evaluating the Role of “National” Identities in the American Catholic Church at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: The Case of Les Petites Franciscaines De Marie (PFM)},
  author={FlorenceMae Waldron},
  journal={The Catholic Historical Review},
  pages={515 - 545}
Ethnic divisions and nationalism dominate the scholarship on the Church’s efforts to incorporate immigrants in the decades around 1900. By studying nuns’ perceptions of their place in the Church in their own words, the author argues that female religious may not have prioritized ethnic distinctions as highly as their male counterparts did. Examining how founding members of the Petites Franciscaines de Marie (PFM) understood their ethnic identity in relation to their identity as nuns, this… 
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