Raymond Lindeman and the Trophic-Dynamic Concept in Ecology

@article{Cook1977RaymondLA,
  title={Raymond Lindeman and the Trophic-Dynamic Concept in Ecology},
  author={Robert Edward Cook},
  journal={Science},
  year={1977},
  volume={198},
  pages={22 - 26}
}
  • R. E. Cook
  • Published 7 October 1977
  • Environmental Science
  • Science
Lindeman's classic paper on energy flow in ecosystems was initially rejected for publication in Ecology. Reviewers felt there were insufficient data to support the theoretical model and that theoretical essays were inappropriate for Ecology. The paper was subsequently accepted by Thomas Park, the zoological editor, after correspondence with G. Evelyn Hutchinson who indicated the importance of theory in the development of ecology. 
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References

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The trophic-dynamic aspect of ecology
Energy in Animal Ecology
Ecological Dynamics in a Senescent Lake
University of Minnesota Ph.D. dissertation. February 1941. Major: Zoology. Advisor: Samuel Eddy. 1 computer file (PDF); ii, 211 pages.
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The problem of trophic relationships has long been recognized as a central influence in the field of limnology; few attempts have been made, however, to analyse the quantitative seasonal dynamics of
Surface Level Fluctuation in Cedar Creek Bog, Minnesota
JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and
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  • Environmental Science
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TLDR
An attempt will be made to apply certain facts and concepts gleaned from population research to a general ecologic system intended to fit a diverse series of natural field communities.
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It has been found that neither quantitative observations on larval populations nor the periodic collection of adults alone is adequate to determine the seasonal distribution of these species.
The Laboratory Population as a Test of a Comprehensive Ecological System (Concluded)
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TLDR
It is planned to illustrate three forms of coaction on the population as co-operation, disoperation, and competition by the data of experimental population studies of Tribolium and Drosophila.
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The ability of certain benthic organisms to resist seasonal anaerobiosis in lake bottoms has long excited the curiosity and admiration of biologists. A process analogous to "holding one's breath for
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TLDR
The indications are that the concentric zones surrounding open water expand and contract under changing conditions, principally fluctuating water levels.
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