Rates of post-traumatic stress disorder in trauma-exposed children and adolescents: meta-analysis

@article{Alisic2014RatesOP,
  title={Rates of post-traumatic stress disorder in trauma-exposed children and adolescents: meta-analysis},
  author={Eva Alisic and Alyson K. Zalta and Floryt van Wesel and Sadie E. Larsen and Gertrud Sofie Hafstad and Katayun Hassanpour and Geert E. Smid},
  journal={British Journal of Psychiatry},
  year={2014},
  volume={204},
  pages={335 - 340}
}
Background It is unclear how many children and adolescents develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after trauma. Aims To determine the incidence of PTSD in trauma-exposed children and adolescents as assessed with well-established diagnostic interviews and to examine potential moderators of the estimate. Method A systematic literature search identified 72 peer-reviewed articles on 43 independent samples (n = 3563). Samples consisting only of participants seeking or receiving mental health… 

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TLDR
An overview of estimates of trauma exposure, ASD rates and PTSD rates among children and adolescents and their relevant predictors is provided and important predictors vary across the three outcomes of interest.

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Nearly every third adolescent living in LMICs might have some PTSD symptoms after experiencing a traumatic event, while nearly one in ten might have sufficient symptoms for full DSM-5 PTSD diagnosis.

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The data support the importance of early detection and treatment of children experiencing psychological distress after war exposure as this may prevent problems in adulthood, and Clinicians should focus on efforts to help youth manage stressors effectively.
...

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