Rates of post-traumatic stress disorder in trauma-exposed children and adolescents: meta-analysis

  title={Rates of post-traumatic stress disorder in trauma-exposed children and adolescents: meta-analysis},
  author={Eva Alisic and Alyson K. Zalta and Floryt van Wesel and Sadie E. Larsen and Gertrud Sofie Hafstad and Katayun Hassanpour and Geert E. Smid},
  journal={British Journal of Psychiatry},
  pages={335 - 340}
Background It is unclear how many children and adolescents develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after trauma. Aims To determine the incidence of PTSD in trauma-exposed children and adolescents as assessed with well-established diagnostic interviews and to examine potential moderators of the estimate. Method A systematic literature search identified 72 peer-reviewed articles on 43 independent samples (n = 3563). Samples consisting only of participants seeking or receiving mental health… 

Epidemiology of Trauma and Trauma-Related Disorders in Children and Adolescents

An overview of estimates of trauma exposure, ASD rates and PTSD rates among children and adolescents and their relevant predictors is provided and important predictors vary across the three outcomes of interest.

[Frequency and Type of Traumatic Events in Children and Adolescents with a Posttraumatic Stress Disorder].

The frequency of PTEs in children and adolescents with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), the type of index trauma, and its relation to PTSD symptom severity and gender are examined.

Trauma exposure, post-traumatic stress disorder and safety-seeking behaviours in children and adolescents

Background: a significant portion of young people exposed to traumatic events (TEs) such as road traffic accidents or violence, develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Most research focuses on

Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms among trauma-exposed adolescents from low- and middle-income countries

Nearly every third adolescent living in LMICs might have some PTSD symptoms after experiencing a traumatic event, while nearly one in ten might have sufficient symptoms for full DSM-5 PTSD diagnosis.



Assessing post-traumatic stress disorder in South African adolescents: using the child and adolescent trauma survey (CATS) as a screening tool

The results indicate that trauma exposure and PTSD are prevalent in South African youth and if appropriate cut-offs are used, self-report scales may be useful screening tools for PTSD.

Posttraumatic Stress in Youth Experiencing Illnesses and Injuries: An Exploratory Meta-Analysis

A meta-analysis of variables associated with the development of PTSD among youth experiencing illnesses or injuries found social support and the appraisal of illness severity and life threat emerged as small to moderate predictors of posttraumatic symptoms.

Traumatic events and posttraumatic stress in childhood.

In the general population of children, potentially traumatic events are fairly common and do not often result in PTS symptoms, except after multiple traumas or a history of anxiety, and the prognosis after the first lifetime trauma exposure was generally favorable.

Factors Related to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Adolescence

Recommendations are presented for practice and research regarding the promotion of targeted prevention and intervention services to maximize adolescents’ strengths and minimize vulnerabilities and public policy implications are discussed.

Posttraumatic stress disorder: the burden to the individual and to society.

  • R. Kessler
  • Psychology
    The Journal of clinical psychiatry
  • 2000
PTSD is a commonly occurring disorder that often has a duration of many years and is frequently associated with exposure to multiple traumas and is comparable to, or greater than, that of other seriously impairing mental disorders.

Screening and Predicting Posttraumatic Stress and Depression in Children Following Single-Incident Trauma

  • R. NixonAlicia A. EllisThomas J. NehmyS. Ball
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53
  • 2010
Three screening methods to predict posttraumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms in children following single-incident trauma were tested and the STEPP-AUS correctly identified 89% of the children who developed PTSD at 6-month follow-up and the 69% of children who were non-PTSD.

Psychological screening of children for post-traumatic stress disorder.

One hundred and seventy children attending a hospital accident and emergency department following everyday trauma were interviewed and completed the Post-traumatic Stress Disorder screening battery and all children with persistent PTSD were correctly identified by initial screen scores.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Physical Comorbidity Among Female Children and Adolescents: Results From Service-Use Data

Overall, PTSD was associated with adverse health outcomes in both age strata, and the importance of PTSD diagnosis as a predictor of the ICD-9 categories of disease or chronic conditions seemed to increase with age.

Predicting posttraumatic stress after hospitalization for pediatric injury.

Parents' acute distress as well as children's prior psychopathology, prior traumatization, and acute distress may be useful predictors of such injured children's subsequent PTSD or PTSDS.