Ras GTPases are both regulators and effectors of redox agents.

Abstract

Redox agents have been historically considered pathological agents which can react with and damage many biological macromolecules including DNA, proteins, and lipids. However, a growing number of reports have suggested that mammalian cells can rapidly respond to ligand stimulation with a change in intracellular ROS thus indicating that the production of intracellular redox agents is tightly regulated and that they serve as intracellular signaling molecules being involved in a variety of cell signaling pathways. Numerous observations have suggested that some members of the Ras GTPase superfamily appear to regulate the production of redox agents and that oxidants can function as effector molecules for the small GTPases, thus contributing to their overall biological function. In addition, many of the Ras superfamily small GTPases have been shown to be redox sensitive, thanks to the presence of redox-sensitive sequences in their primary structure. The action of redox agents on these redox-sensitive GTPases is similar to that of guanine nucleotide exchange factors in that they perturb GTPase nucleotide-binding interactions that result in the enhancement of the guanine nucleotide exchange of small GTPases. Thus, Ras GTPases may act both as upstream regulators and downstream effectors of redox agents. Here we overview current understanding concerning the interplay between Ras GTPases and redox agents, also taking into account pathological implications of misregulation of this cross talk and highlighting the potentiality of these cellular pathways as new therapeutical targets for different pathologies.

DOI: 10.1007/978-1-62703-791-4_5

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@article{Ferro2014RasGA, title={Ras GTPases are both regulators and effectors of redox agents.}, author={Elisa Ferro and Luca Goitre and Eva Baldini and Saverio Francesco Retta and Lorenza Trabalzini}, journal={Methods in molecular biology}, year={2014}, volume={1120}, pages={55-74} }