Rare anatomical variation of the musculocutaneous nerve – case report☆

Abstract

The clinical and surgical importance of anatomical knowledge of the musculocutaneous nerve and its variations is due to the fact that one of the complications in many upper-limb surgical procedures involves injury to this nerve. During routine dissection of the right upper limb of a male cadaver, we observed an anatomical variation of this nerve. The musculocutaneous nerve originated in the lateral cord and continued laterally, passing under the coracobrachialis muscle and then continuing until its first branch to the biceps brachialis muscle. Just after this, it supplied another two branches, i.e. the lateral cutaneous nerve of the forearm and a branch to the brachialis muscle, and then it joined the median nerve. The median nerve followed the arm medially to the region of the cubital fossa and then gave rise to the anterior intermediate nerve of the forearm. The union between the musculocutaneous nerve and the median nerve occurred approximately at the midpoint of the arm and the median nerve. Given that either our example is not covered by the classifications found in the literature or that it fits into more than one variation proposed, without us finding something truly similar, we consider this variation to be rare.

DOI: 10.1016/j.rboe.2015.08.019

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Nascimento2016RareAV, title={Rare anatomical variation of the musculocutaneous nerve – case report☆}, author={Sergio Ricardo Rios Nascimento and Cristiane Regina Ruiz and Eduardo LA Pereira and Lilian Andrades and Cristiano Cirqueira de Souza}, booktitle={Revista brasileira de ortopedia}, year={2016} }