Rapid population declines of Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus) and red‐headed vulture (Sarcogyps calvus) in India

  title={Rapid population declines of Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus) and red‐headed vulture (Sarcogyps calvus) in India},
  author={Richard J. Cuthbert and Rodney Green and Sachin P. Ranade and Suntharalingam Saravanan and Deborah J. Pain and Vibhu M. Prakash and Andrew A. Cunningham},
  journal={Animal Conservation},
Since the early 1990s, large and rapid population declines of three species of vulture (Gyps spp.) endemic to south Asia have occurred on the Indian subcontinent and have led to these species being listed by IUCN as critically endangered. Evidence of rates of population decline, cause of death and toxicity is consistent with these declines being caused by poisoning of vultures through the ingestion of tissues from livestock treated with the anti‐inflammatory drug diclofenac. In this paper… 

Have population declines in Egyptian Vulture and Red-headed Vulture in India slowed since the 2006 ban on veterinary diclofenac?

It is suggested that both Egyptian and Red-headed Vultures may have been adversely impacted by diclofenac and that government bans on this drug, which are beginning to take effect, may benefit a wider range of vulture species in the Indian subcontinent than was previously thought.

A literature review of occurrence of Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus) resident in Africa

The Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus is a globally endangered species that is experiencing rapid population declines throughout most of its range. Conservation of Egyptian Vultures in Africa is

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We assessed the status of the Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus between 2002 and 2008 in Upper Mustang, Nepal. Regular monitoring of four transect lines indicate a rapid decline of the species over

Population decline and range contraction of the Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus in the Balkan Peninsula

Summary The Egyptian Vulture has been classified as ‘Endangered’ due to a rapid population decline in India and long term declines in Europe and Africa. Although the species has been reported to be

Significant population of Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus found in Morocco

The Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus population in Morocco has undergone a marked decline since the 1980s to the point of nearing local extinction in the twenty-first century. A field study of

Population and breeding success of Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus and Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus in central west Nepal

This study on population and breeding success of Red-headed Vulture ( Sarcogyps calvus ) and Egyptian Vulture ( Neophron percnopterus ) was carried out in the middle mountain region of central west

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Summary Asian vultures have undergone dramatic declines of 90–99% in the Indian Subcontinent, as a consequence of poisoning by veterinary use of the drug diclofenac, and are at a high risk of

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Abstract The Egyptian vulture Neophron percnopterus is categorized as Endangered on the IUCN Red List, as well as on the European and Spanish Red Lists. Spain is home to the most important breeding

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Vultures are excellent indicators of environmental health and as carrion feeders play an important ecological role. They are the only known vertebrate obligate scavengers. Nine different species of

the Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus on socotra, yemen: population, ecology, conservation and ethno-ornithology

IntRODUctIOn The resident Egyptian Vultures Neophron percnopterus (Plate 1) are widespread, rather tame and in places the most obvious birds on the island of Socotra. As soon as you arrive at the



Diclofenac residues as the cause of vulture population decline in Pakistan

Results are provided that directly correlate residues of the anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac with renal failure and renal failure in the Oriental white-backed vulture (OWBV) and it is proposed that residues of veterinary diclotenac are responsible for the OWBV decline.

Causes and Effects of Temporospatial Declines of Gyps Vultures in Asia

There are eight species in the genus Gyps : Gyps africanus , G. coprotheres, and G. rueppellii in Africa; G. bengalensis , G. indicus , G. tenuirostris , G. himalayensis in Asia; G. fulvus in Europe,

Breeding and mortality of Oriental White-backed Vulture Gyps bengalensis in Punjab Province, Pakistan

Investigation of breeding success and pattern of mortality in two vulture colonies within Punjab Province, Pakistan between December 2000 and June 2001 implies that the mortality factor responsible for the decline in Gyps vultures described in India is also present in Pakistan and will potentially lead to a population decline of a comparable magnitude.

Catastrophic collapse of Indian white-backed Gyps bengalensis and long-billed Gyps indicus vulture populations

In 2000, we conducted a survey to quantify the declines in the populations of Gyps bengalensis and G. indicus across India since 1990–1993. Directly comparable data for the two periods were obtained

Diclofenac poisoning as a cause of vulture population declines across the Indian subcontinent

It is recommended that urgent action is taken in the range states of the three currently threatened vulture species to prevent the exposure of vultures to livestock carcasses contaminated with diclofenac.

Diclofenac poisoning is widespread in declining vulture populations across the Indian subcontinent

It is shown that a high proportion of Gyps bengalensis and G. indicus found dead or dying in a much larger area of India and Nepal also have residues of diclofenac and visceral gout, a post–mortem finding that is strongly associated with dic-of-enac contamination in both species, suggesting veterinary use of dIClofy is likely to have been the major cause of the rapid vulture population declines across the subcontinent.

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Comparing the morphological and behavioural traits of mammal prey species in the Taï forest, Ivory Coast, with the diet preferences of three of their nonndash;human predators reveals that it is necessary to consider anti–predator strategies in the context of a dynamic behavioural interaction between predators and prey.

The Vultures of Africa

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