Rapid detection methods for five HGO gene mutations causing alkaptonuria.


Alkaptonuria (AKU) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by the deficiency of homogentisate 1,2 dioxygenase (HGO) activity. The disease is characterized by homogentisic aciduria, ochronosis and ochronotic arthritis. AKU shows a very low prevalence (1:250 000), in most ethnic groups. Altogether 43 HGO mutations have been identified in approximately 100… (More)