Rapid change in the symbolic functioning of very young children.

  title={Rapid change in the symbolic functioning of very young children.},
  author={Judy S Deloache},
  volume={238 4833},
A remarkable difference in the understanding of the symbolic relation between a scale model and the larger space that it represented was displayed by two age groups of young children. Three-year-old children who observed an object being hidden in a model knew where to find an analogous object hidden in the corresponding location in a room, but 2.5-year-old children did not. The success of the group of older children reveals an advance in their cognitive flexibility: they think of a model in two… 
The development of representation in young children.
  • J. Deloache
  • Psychology
    Advances in child development and behavior
  • 1989
Symbolic functioning in very young children: understanding of pictures and models.
4 studies investigating very young children's understanding of 2 different kinds of symbolic stimuli--scale models and pictures report findings that 2.5-year-old children have great difficulty appreciating the relation between a scale model and the larger space it represents, but that they very readily appreciate the relationship between a picture and its referent.
The role of perseveration in children's symbolic understanding and skill
In the first few years of life, children become increasingly sensitive to the significance of a variety of symbolic artifacts. An extensive body of research has explored very young children’s ability
Transfer in young children's understanding of spatial representations.
Transfer effects are consistent with the claim that early experience with symbolic relations contributes to symbolic sensitivity, a basic readiness to recognize that one object or event may stand for another.
Transfer by very young children in the symbolic retrieval task.
Cumulative experience with a variety of symbolic artifacts has been hypothesized as a source of young children's increasing sensitivity to new symbol-referent relations and transfer was found for the 2(1/2)-year-old children in the 3 studies reported here.
Early development of strategies for mapping symbol-referent relations : what do young children understand about scale models?
The research reported here investigated the nature of young children’s understanding of a novel symbol—a scale model. Children witnessed the hiding of a small toy in a scale model of a room and were
The Credible Shrinking Room: Very Young Children's Performance With Symbolic and Nonsymbolic Relations
Becoming a proficient symbol user is a universal developmental task in the first years of life, but detecting and mentally representing symbolic relations can be quite challenging for young children


Very young children's memory for the location of objects in a large-scale environment.
The pattern of results suggested the possibility that 2-year-old children are capable of a simple form of mnemonic strategy, actively associating an available cue with the information to be remembered, as reflecting developmental changes in very young children's ability to exploit available cues.
Precursors of mnemonic strategies in very young children's memory.
Evidence was obtained of strategy-like behaviors in a memory-for-location task in which the child had to remember in what natural location a toy had been hidden, a rudimentary and imperfect version of what will later become more elaborate and planful mnemonic strategies.
Young children's knowledge about visual perception: Further evidence for the Level 1–Level 2 distinction.
Three studies were done to test the hypothesis that there is a development in early childhood from a less advanced (Level 1) to a more advanced (Level 2) form of knowledge and thinking about people's
Re_eech Nen: Roger Lewin
  • Re_eech Nen: Roger Lewin
Editorial correspondence, including requests for permission to reprint and reprint orders, should be sent to 1333 H Street
  • Editorial correspondence, including requests for permission to reprint and reprint orders, should be sent to 1333 H Street
  • 1987
Advertising correspondence should be sent to Tenth Floor
  • Broadway
  • 1515