Determination and validation of duloxetine hydrochloride in capsules by HPLC with pre-column derivatization and fluorescence detection.
- Sevgi Tatar Ulu
- Journal of chromatographic science
A sensitive and rapid high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the analysis of fluvoxamine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor in human serum, is described using 4-chloro-7-nitrobenzofurazan as pre-column derivatization agent. The drug and an internal standard (fluoxetine) were extracted from 0.25 mL of serum using ethyl acetate as extracting solvent and subjected to pre-column derivatization by the reagent. A mobile phase consisting of methanol and sodium phosphate buffer (0.05 M; pH 2.8) containing 1 mL/L triethylamine (72:28 v/v) was used and chromatographic separation was performed on a Shimpack CLC-C18 (150 mm x 4.6mm) column. The fluorescence derivatives of the drugs were monitored at excitation and emission wavelengths of 470 and 537 nm, respectively. The calibration curve was linear over the concentration range of 0.5-240 ng/mL with a limit of quantification (LOQ) of 0.5 ng/mL using 0.25 mL serum sample. The method validation was performed for its selectivity, specificity, sensitivity, precision and accuracy. In this method, which was applied in a randomized cross-over bioequivalence study of two different fluvoxamine preparations in 24 healthy volunteers, the sensitivity and run time of analysis were significantly improved.