Rapid and early export of Phaeocystis antarctica blooms in the Ross Sea, Antarctica

@article{DiTullio2000RapidAE,
  title={Rapid and early export of Phaeocystis antarctica blooms in the Ross Sea, Antarctica},
  author={Giacomo R. DiTullio and Jacqueline M. Grebmeier and Kevin R. Arrigo and Michael P. Lizotte and Dale H. Robinson and Amy Leventer and James P. Barry and Michael VanWoert and Robert B. Dunbar},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2000},
  volume={404},
  pages={595-598}
}
The Southern Ocean is very important for the potential sequestration of carbon dioxide in the oceans and is expected to be vulnerable to changes in carbon export forced by anthropogenic climate warming. Annual phytoplankton blooms in seasonal ice zones are highly productive and are thought to contribute significantly to pCO2 drawdown in the Southern Ocean. Diatoms are assumed to be the most important phytoplankton class with respect to export production in the Southern Ocean; however, the… 
Fatty acid carbon isotopes: a new indicator of marine Antarctic paleoproductivity?
Abstract. The Antarctic coastal zone is an area of high primary productivity, particularly within coastal polynyas where large phytoplankton blooms and drawdown of CO2 occur. Reconstruction of
Net community production and carbon export during the late summer in the Ross Sea, Antarctica
The phytoplankton bloom in the Ross Sea is the largest in spatial extent and one of the most productive in Antarctica, yet the fate of the summer bloom remains poorly understood. Here we present
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Phaeocystis antarctica is an important phytoplankton species in the Southern Ocean. We incorporated P. antarctica into the biogeochemical elemental cycling ocean model to study Southern Ocean
Distribution of Phaeocystis antarctica-dominated sea ice algal communities and their potential to seed phytoplankton across the western Antarctic Peninsula in spring
The western Antarctic Peninsula has experienced extreme changes in the timing of sea ice melt and freeze up, shortening the duration of the seasonal sea ice cycle. While previous research
Hydrography and Phytoplankton Distribution in the Amundsen and Ross Seas
The phytoplankton of the Ross Sea have been intensively studied during the last decade, as opposed to the Amundsen Sea, where virtually nothing is known about phytoplankton taxonomy and distribution.
Exploring the use of compound-specific carbon isotopes as a palaeoproductivity proxy off the coast of Adélie Land, East Antarctica
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Phytoplankton blooms in the Ross Sea, Antarctica: Interannual variability in magnitude, temporal patterns, and composition
[1] The continental shelf of the Ross Sea, Antarctica, is a unique region within the Southern Ocean. Phytoplankton growth is believed to be seasonally limited, first in austral spring by irradiance,
A carbon budget for the Amundsen Sea Polynya, Antarctica: Estimating net community production and export in a highly productive polar ecosystem
Polynyas, or recurring areas of seasonally open water surrounded by sea ice, are foci for energy and material transfer between the atmosphere and the polar ocean. They are also climate sensitive,
Phaeocystis antarctica blooms strongly influence bacterial community structures in the Amundsen Sea polynya
TLDR
This work has identified the bacterial communities that accompanied a Phaeocystis bloom in the Amundsen Sea polynya during the austral summers of 2007–2008 and 2010–2011 and identified several taxa that were preferentially associated with Phaecystis colonies, indicative of a distinct role in Phaeocytes bloom ecology.
The temporal dynamics of the flagellated and colonial stages of Phaeocystis antarctica in the Ross Sea
TLDR
The relative abundance of solitary and colonial forms of this prymnesiophyte alga may be a consequence of seasonal changes in these factors, which affects the contribution of this alga to the vertical flux of carbon and the degree to which P. antarctica participates in the microbial food web of the Ross Sea.
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