Rapid Evolution of the Cerebellum in Humans and Other Great Apes

@article{Barton2014RapidEO,
  title={Rapid Evolution of the Cerebellum in Humans and Other Great Apes},
  author={R. Barton and C. Venditti},
  journal={Current Biology},
  year={2014},
  volume={24},
  pages={2440-2444}
}
Humans’ unique cognitive abilities are usually attributed to a greatly expanded neocortex, which has been described as “the crowning achievement of evolution and the biological substrate of human mental prowess” [1]. The human cerebellum, however, contains four times more neurons than the neocortex [2] and is attracting increasing attention for its wide range of cognitive functions. Using a method for detecting evolutionary rate changes along the branches of phylogenetic trees, we show that the… Expand
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