Rape as an Economic Crime

@article{Loya2015RapeAA,
  title={Rape as an Economic Crime},
  author={Rebecca M. Loya},
  journal={Journal of Interpersonal Violence},
  year={2015},
  volume={30},
  pages={2793 - 2813}
}
  • R. Loya
  • Published 1 October 2015
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Interpersonal Violence
This article examines how isolated instances of sexual violence affect adult female survivors’ employment and economic well-being. This study draws on data from 27 in-depth, qualitative interviews with sexual assault survivors and rape crisis service providers. The findings suggest that sexual assault and the related trauma response can disrupt survivors’ employment in several ways, including time off, diminished performance, job loss, and inability to work. By disrupting income or reducing… 

Tables from this paper

A Bridge to Recovery
Sexual violence can trigger adverse economic events for survivors, including increased expenses and decreased earnings. Using interview data, this exploratory study examines how access to assets
The Role of Sexual Violence in Creating and Maintaining Economic Insecurity Among Asset-Poor Women of Color
  • R. Loya
  • Economics
    Violence against women
  • 2014
TLDR
It is argued that economic instability and sexual violence reinforce each other in two ways, creating economic instability, particularly for the asset-poor and increasing women’s risk for sexual violence and complicate recovery.
Occupational Well-Being in Sexual Assault Victims and Survivors
TLDR
To facilitate the occupational well-being of sexual assault survivors, workplaces and academic institutions can adopt a trauma-informed approach, create policies that allow for time off to deal with sequela ofSexual assault, implement anti-bullying programs, and make resources for gendered violence available.
“I Realized that I couldn’t Act Normal”: a Qualitative Study of Sexual Assault Survivors’ Experiences of Workplace Disclosure
Sexual assault results in psychological, physical, and financial consequences for survivors. The distress caused by sexual assault can lead to work-related consequences such as loss of productivity,
Long-term impacts of college sexual assaults on women survivors' educational and career attainments
TLDR
The findings suggest the importance of simultaneously examining the effects of human capital losses and mental and physical health problems attributed to the costly public health problem of campus sexual assault.
Rape and serious sexual assault against women aged 60 and over
Despite the vast amount of research attention examining sexual violence against women, and an increase in research around abuse of older people over the last two decades, sexual violence against
Barriers in seeking support: Perspectives of service providers who are survivors of sexual violence.
TLDR
There is a need for trauma-informed intervention in community practice and policy to understand the unique barriers that service providers, who are also survivors of sexual violence, may experience and how it informs their work with survivors.
Applying an occupational perspective to women’s experiences of life after sexual assault: A narrative review
TLDR
The purpose of this narrative overview was to provide a comprehensive description of what is currently known about the occupational aftermath (i.e., changes to individuals’ occupational lives after trauma) of sexual assault that occurs in adulthood.
Life, Irrupted: An Occupational Perspective on the Lives of Women Who Experienced Sexual Assault While at University
Although sexual assault that occurs during university is known to have numerous significant consequences, many are believed to remain “hidden.” This dissertation research employed an occupational
Social norms for sexual violence perpetration in college
Purpose Sexual violence (SV) is a pervasive public health issue on college campuses. While much research has been conducted to determine factors contributing to SV, little work focuses on
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 33 REFERENCES
The Rape Tax
This study examines the justice system's decision that sexual violence, particularly rape, is not an economic crime. The authors estimate the tangible and intangible financial costs of sexual
RAPE AND RACIAL APPRAISALS
  • C. S. McGuffey
  • Sociology
    Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race
  • 2013
Abstract Using Black women's responses to same-race sexual assault, I demonstrate how scholars can use interpersonal violence to understand social processes and develop conceptual models.
Adolescent victimization and income deficits in adulthood: rethinking the costs of criminal violence from a life‐course perspective
Estimating the financial costs of criminal violence to victims is important for assessing both the impact of crime on individuals and evaluating the feasibility and utility of various crime
The Impact of Intimate Partner Violence on Low-Income Women’s Economic Well-Being
TLDR
The need for services and policies that address barriers to employment as a means of improving the economic well-being of low-income women with abusive partners is demonstrated.
An Ecological Model of the Impact of Sexual Assault On Women's Mental Health
TLDR
Using Bronfenbrenner's ecological theory of human development, the psychological impact of adult sexual assault is examined through an ecological theoretical perspective to understand how factors at multiple levels of the social ecology contribute to post-assault sequelae.
Correlates of levels and patterns of positive life changes following sexual assault.
TLDR
The factors most related to reporting positive life change soon after the assault were social support, approach and religious coping, and perceived control over the recovery process, and increases in these factors also were associated with increases in self-reported positive life changes over time.
Violence against Women as a Public Health Issue
TLDR
Data on the physical and mental health effects that violence has on victims of domestic violence, rape, stalking, and sexual harassment are reviewed and the economic costs to the health care system, business and industry, families, and the broader society that accrue are focused on.
Somatic symptoms, social support, and treatment seeking among sexual assault victims.
TLDR
Rape victims did not show a significantly higher use of mental health services and continued to seek medical attention at the end of the year after the assault, when health perceptions and somatic symptoms were no longer significantly elevated.
A 2-year longitudinal analysis of the relationships between violent assault and substance use in women.
TLDR
Findings support a vicious cycle relationship in which substance use increases risk of future assault and assault increasesrisk of subsequent substance use, for illicit drug use.
...
1
2
3
4
...